بررسی شبکه روابط اجتماعی بهره برداران از منابع آب در راستای مدیریت بهینه شهری (مطالعه موردی: نخلستانهای بخش شرقی شهر فدامی، شهرستان داراب)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

چگونگی مدیریت منابع آب در حوزه و بخش کشاورزی در ایران مساله ای است که باید با مشارکت کشاورزان و بهره برداران آب تصمیم گیری شود. در این راستا تحلیل روابط بین ذینفعان و شناسایی کنشگران یا افراد کلیدی در بین بهره‌بردارن منابع آب به عنوان بازوی مدیریت مشارکتی، به خصوص در جاهایی که منابع آب به صورت مشاع بهره‌برداری می‌گردد، می‌تواند نقش مهمی در موفقیت طرح‌های مدیریت مشارکتی و بهینه آب داشته باشد. این پژوهش سعی دارد که به تحلیل روابط در بین بهره‌برداران آب کشاورزی با استفاده از رویکرد تحلیل شبکه در محدوده نخلستان‌های بخش شرقی شهر فدامی واقع در شهرستان داراب (استان فارس) بپردازد. بدین صورت که ابتدا بهره برداران بر اساس ویژگیهای اقتصادی، سن و مالکیت تقسیم بندی شدند و سپس با مدل تحلیل شبکه، روابط و شاخص‌های مختلف مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که تقریباً 51/54 درصد از بهره برداران از منابع آب منطقه مورد مطالعه با دیگران روابط اجتماعی داشته‌اند. همچنین به صورت تفضیلی برخی از بهره‌برداران بیشترین ارتباط با دیگران یا «خروجی» را در بین بهره برداران دارا می‌باشند که این وضعیت موقعیت آن‌ها را در شبکه در وضعیت اقتدار قرار داده است. یافته‌های این تحقیق در تشخیص کنشگران با موقعیت مرکزی، که نقش کلیدی را در برنامه عمل مدیریت بهینه منابع آب منطقه مورد مطالعه ایفا می نمایند، مؤثر خواهد بود؛ چرا که افراد کلیدی و قدرتمند می‌توانند به عنوان رهبران محلی و قدرت‌های اجتماعی در ساماندهی مدیریت مشارکتی منابع آب به عنوان بازوی اجرایی دست‌اندرکاران دولتی نقش مهمی داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Network Analysis Community Relations of Water Resources Beneficiaries In Order to Urban Optimize Management (Case Study: Palm Groves in the Eastern Part of the Fadami city – Darab- Fars)

نویسنده [English]

  • saeed negahban 2
2 shiraz
چکیده [English]

Network Analysis Community Relations of Water Resources Beneficiaries In Order to Urban Optimize Management (Case Study: Palm Groves in the Eastern Part of the Fadami city – Darab- Fars)


Abstract
How to manage of water resources in the agricultural field in Iran is a matter that should be decided with the participation of farmers and water users. In this regard, the analysis of stakeholder relationships and the identification of key actors or actors among the exploitation of water resources as a participatory management arm particularly where water resources are used jointly, it can play an important role in the success of water management partnerships and optimization. This research attempts to analyze the relationships among agricultural water utilities using the network analysis approach in the Palm Groves in the Eastern Part of the Fadami city – Darab- Fars. First, the exploiters were classified based on economic characteristics, age and ownership, and then analyzed with the network analysis model, relationships and various indicators. The results show that about 54.51% of the users of the water resources in the region studied had social relations with others. Also, some operators have the most connection with others or " Out Degree " among operators, which places their position in the network in a state of authority. The findings of this research will be effective in identifying actors with a central position that play a key role in the program's optimal water management action plan; Because key and powerful people can play a role as the executive arm of government actors as local leaders and social powers in organizing participatory water resources management.

Introduction
Water is a limited and precious resource and must be managed both for immediate needs and for long-term economic and environmental sustainability. With the effects of climate change now a reality, and increasing demands for water, sound policies are required to ensure a sustainable supply of water for present and future generations.
Our water comes from rivers, streams, and lakes (surface water) and water held under the ground in aquifers (groundwater). The NSW Office of Water is responsible for the strategic management of the State's freshwater resources. This involves: setting water policy, developing statutory water sharing plans, negotiating interstate and national water agreements, determining how available water is allocated to water users, particularly during times of drought, approving the extraction, use and trade of water, monitoring the quantity and quality of water extractions, monitoring the ecological health of our aquatic ecosystems. Much efforts in water resource management is directed at optimising the use of water and in minimising the environmental impact of water use on the natural environment.
Successful management of any resources requires accurate knowledge of the resource available, the uses to which it may be put, the competing demands for the resource, measures to and processes to evaluate the significance and worth of competing demands and mechanisms to translate policy decisions into actions on the ground.
For water as a resource this is particularly difficult since sources of water can cross many national boundaries and the uses of water include many that are difficult to assign financial value to and may also be difficult to manage in conventional terms. Examples include rare species or ecosystems or the very long term value of ancient ground water reserves. This research attempts to analyze the relationships among agricultural water utilities using the network analysis approach in the Palm Groves in the Eastern Part of the Fadami city – Darab- Fars. First, the exploiters were classified based on economic characteristics, age and ownership, and then analyzed with the network analysis model, relationships and various indicators.

Methodology
The research method in this study is the field survey. Documents and quantitative research has two parts located at the library to collect documents through the study of literature. In the quantitative that includes field surveys, data collection tools is questionnaire, The population, exploitation of water resources in the eastern part of the city of palm groves Fadami, Darab city were 25 individuals who were administered a questionnaire matrix to determine the relationships between them. The theory and analysis of network and application Yosynt the most practical application in the analysis of relationships and using lattice is the density, temperature, reciprocity, transferability, E_I etc. for analysis and a variety of graphs to display is used.

Results and discussion
The results showed that the index of density, 26% of farmers in the field of water resources are related to the relatively poor looks. Links reciprocity index showed that 21% of farmers, mutual and reciprocal relationship with each other. The transferability of social relations regional water resource utilization was 14/42% respectively. Means to connect the unit to a third party, which looks relatively good value. Points out that both the transport index is greater, greater network stability. Index EI beneficiaries in the social relations of water resources in the study area for the network based on income groups at 0/383 or 38/3%, based on an area of palm groves 0/338 or 38/3%, based on age groups 0/218 or 21/8%, respectively. The relationship between people and between the center and periphery of 35/7 of 21/1 percent. In addition, the 25 farmers surveyed, 19 central and peripheral are 6 people. It should be the center and the periphery closer to each other, because each of these values to zero, fragility and isolation more networks.
Conclusion
The findings related to social status of water resources in the study area shows that, Overall, approximately 54/51% of water resources in the study area have relationships with others and 19/79 percent of the other operators have been invited to cooperate and respect. It also detailed some operators such as BN, MH, MGH, JM Most of communicating with others, or "Exit" among beneficiaries hold that the situation in their position of authority and influence others in the network has.
Keywords: Community Relations, network analysis, water operators, optimal management, Fadami

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Community Relations
  • network analysis
  • water operators
  • optimal management
  • Fadami

مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده
انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 10 آذر 1397
  • تاریخ دریافت: 13 تیر 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 آذر 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 10 آذر 1397