Study on Transformation in Structural and Architectural Construction of Village and Formation of Rural-Towns


Rural-urban migrations is known as one of the common phenomena in most of the world countries. Many villages have turned into towns in Iran because of this type of migration. Alard and Parandak are among the towns with a rural background and in view of their not too far rural past, they enjoy specific structural characteristics. Data used in this research include current application, quality of building, architectural specifications and stages of the regional development. The present research uses field methods to collect information while employing an explanatory and descriptive method to analyze the results and a systemic method to compose and present the result. The research aims at addressing economic mechanisms, geographical conditions, type of houses and structural characteristics which are reflected by such a development. Therefore, it pays attention respectively to stage of development, situation of the current applications, quality of houses and other architectural specifications of urban texture. Results of the study reveal that one-storey building made of poor quality materials are located in the most dispersed areas which had been among the primary and rural cores; in other words, it is the physical and structural foundations which from the two village of Alard and Parandak.