Estimation and Evaluation of Sustainability neighborhood in the City of Tehran, ‎Case study: Valiasr shomali Neighborhoods, Ashtiani, Niloufar and Imamiye

Document Type : Research Paper



Extended Abstract‏ ‏
Neighborhood as a constituent element and smallest part of social and spatial of city and ‎link citizens, it can also at least strengthen social capital, natural, human and economic, ‎urban sustainable development to have at all levels‏.‏‎ In other words, the neighborhood as a ‎normative concept in which social obligations are formed based on shared values, and ‎because of the relationship between humans and the environment and correct ‎understanding and expectations commensurate with the natural and social competences, ‎may underlie the social and ecological justice and balance in relation with sustainable ‎development is at different levels. Since the‏ ‏without relying on local and national ‎sustainable development as a primary focus of social life - ever, are not allowed. So in ‎recent years, serious attention to the sustainable development of city officials and urban ‎planners at different levels of social, economic and cultural, tangible aspects of urban life ‎and lower levels (neighborhood) has attracted. The attention to the importance of ‎sustainable development neighborhood in Tehran is very important because there are a lot ‎of problems. ‎
Tehran, the capital and largest city of the country, until the early part of this century, ‎according to multiple sources and organizes all elements of Persian cities with Islamic ‎elements in the visible region was dry. But in recent decades, neighborhood structure in ‎three steps, ‎‏»‏centrality of the family unit neighborhood ‎‏«‏‎, ‎‏»‏Few places combine family and ‎career‏«‏‎ and ‎‏»‏Neighborhood Removing‏«‏‎ lost and the modern city and the neighborhood has ‎become. So that today the neighborhoods 374 of Tehran, due to replacing the general ‎social organizations rather than neighborhoods, failure to use and utilizes the power of ‎partnerships, and community residents to manage community, great migration, fatigue and ‎lack of municipal buildings and mismatch them with new details regarding the identities ‎and locations of human communities, neighborhood associations and relationships within ‎their neighborhood is lost. So that today the neighborhoods 374of Tehran, due to replacing ‎the general social organizations rather than neighborhoods, failure to use and utilizes the ‎power of partnerships, and community residents to manage community, great migration, ‎fatigue and lack of municipal buildings and mismatch them with new details regarding the ‎identities and locations of human communities, neighborhood associations and ‎relationships within their neighborhood is lost. Since the return of the old neighborhoods ‎of Tehran is not feasible and reasonable. So keeping in mind the need to retrieve the ‎identity, values and meaning of the neighborhood - Iran and the role and function of the ‎urban neighborhoods in Tehran could have, should lead to serious consideration of ‎sustainable development places in the city. Accordingly, in this research, identify ‎indicators of sustainable community development and Sustainable Development and ‎evaluation of a neighborhood in the slums of Tehran and test hypotheses as 1- The study ‎sites are located at different levels of development. 2- The social base - the residents of ‎the neighborhoods studied economics and sustainable development of the communities ‎there is discussed.‎
The aim of the present study was applied and methods descriptive - analytical. In this ‎research, according with regard to a problem and aim of the study, the unit of analysis was ‎selected households in the neighborhood. Then sample size was calculated using ‎Cochran's sample of 384 families, from families living in the city of Tehran was ‎determined. Then classify the neighborhoods of Tehran in social - economic 4 class (High, ‎medium high, medium, low, low), a neighborhood of each category were selected using ‎random sampling. Accordingly, the share of total population in each neighborhood to ‎neighborhood site each sample was determined by sample size. Then required data were ‎collected from the families sampled in a systematic way. Then, using the Kruskal-Wallis ‎test is a test of the difference, the initial data matrix was prepared, then with Using ‎Analytical Hierarchy Process and Vikor Method Neighborhood sustainability, the study ‎sites were assessed. Finally using the One-way analysis of variance and Pearson Statistical ‎tests Hypotheses were examined.‎
Results and discussion
The results of the analytic hierarchy process for sustainable community development ‎indices showed that Weighted index of social justice (0.236), Safety and Security weighted ‎index (0.208), Environmental indicators weight(0.179), Identity and vitality index ‎weight(0.114), weighted index of the urban landscape(0.102), Weighted satisfaction ‎index(0.097) and Participation index weight (0.064), The index of social justice and ‎participation, Respectively the highest and lowest value, sustainable development ‎indicators are compared to other neighborhoods.‎
The results of the Vikor model Showed that Niloufar neighborhoods with Q=0.017 and ‎neighborhood Valiasr shomali with Q=1.000 , respectively the best and worst of ‎neighborhood sustainability indicators are and Ashtiani's and Imamiye neighborhoods with ‎stability 0.160 and 0.613 ranked second and third in the neighborhood are sustainability.‎
The overall results of the study suggest different levels of sustainability in the ‎communities studied, and the reason may be lack of municipal subdivisions in the ‎neighborhood and ends with the establishment of the municipality in the area, clutter ‎neighborhoods studied historical identity in the process of urban development and et al ‎noted. ‎
To increase the level of success in achieving sustainable development, neighborhood ‎localities studied following suggestions are offered.‎
Principal or district administrators and trustees elected from among the residents of the ‎neighborhood;‎
Open green spaces and open and moderation in the housing of the prospect, air, noise and ‎light;‎
Spatial and‏ ‏social structure of right and moderation in the economic and social groups;‎
According to the Environmental Planning and‏ ‏preserve environmental values in the ‎neighborhood and the reduction of noise and air pollution expand the scope of public ‎health and the environment;‎
Increase social security in addition to the neighborhood police station by a guard and ‎encourage a sense of community responsibility and local people, especially for women ‎and children.‎


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