The study of the effects of the oil industry on the spatial structure of the city (Case Study: Abadan)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor Department of tourism management ,allameh tabatabi university, Tehran,

2 - full professor department of geography political Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran,


The study of the effects of the oil industry on the spatial structure of the city (Case Study: Abadan)

Sadegh besharatifar
Esmaeil Ghaderi
Zahra Pishgahi Fard

Extended Abstract
The results show that some oil company: Bvardh, Breym and Cyclin which is about 9/6 percent of the area of the city and 4/6 percent of the population have more per capita than other 36 neighborhoods of the city of Abadan. So that an imbalance in spatial structure and irregularities, contradictions and double standards in urban morphology, ecology, social and economic have been created in Abadan. The results obtained from the analysis of Friedman model showed that most of the gap between Abadan neighborhoods belongs to the neighborhoods of oil industry because the overall average rating of these neighborhoods compared to other neighborhoods in the city of Abadan offers a much lower amounts. It can be said that, boroughs such as Board, Brim and silken which are finance ally supported by oil company receive high level services, on the other hand, other boroughs which were created organic and automatically do not benefit from good facilities and proper welfare amenities in urban infrastructures. The effects of this form of development and also unequal distribution of proper facilities to receive social, economical, special and urban features causes a paradox (contrast) in the special structure of Abadan.
Based on the analysis of the impact of the spatial structure of employees of the oil industry on spatial structure through economic variable equal to 0/036, 0/053of varying social and physical variable is equal to0/066. This suggests that the changing economics of employees of the oil industry through economical variables had the maximum impact and through the physical variables had minimal impact on spatial structure in the city of Abadan. By0/488, the oil industry had substantial and significant direct impacts on urban spatial structure of Abadan which has greatly sorted inconsistency, contradiction and injustice created in spatial structure the city. This issue has caused social justice and sustainable development to face with serious problems.
Any phenomenon occurs obligatory in the specific space and location, consequently affects the space and location, to some extent. Industry and industrial development as a basic economical activity is not exception and causes an effectiveness tromp different national policies at macro level or causes to be influenced by changes and strong structural reforms. It has shown specific forms of space- matrix structures in the city. Any industrial strategy leads to a space planning/ designing. It is not possible to understand and imagine urban planning without having a good / accurate understanding of industrial changes and issues. The special structure the city depends on different interrelationships of all forces and factors within the city. These factors can include the force of market. activities, urban city infra structures and various services
Cities have been formed from a vanity of Social, economic, and formal
Structures However, mentioning the spatial structure of a city means its formal structure in which the elemental composing items and the way they are mixed taken into consideration. The spatial structure of every city depends on its background and the factors and events which have created some environmental circumstances to develop it. The formation of cities, spatial-formal structure reflects the collision of some various views and ideas governing different times and places. Cultural, social, and economic changes in the 19 and 20 the centuries influenced by modernism have to the rapid growth cities and the appearing of megacarriers with fundamental transformations their organizational and structural form these changes and their following rapid city dwellings growth has led.
To the new spatial structure and polarizing one more city centers.
The changes include city arrangement method, building density and population, and transportation networks. Hence, different city patterns with different spatial structures and related transportation systems are created.
In order to obtain data, documentary and library methods are used. The required information is used to obtain the average income of the families in urban parts through administration of questionnaires in the urban parts of Abadan. Using kook ran formula and according to the number of families in each urban region, volume sample for region one (361), region two(346), region three (370), region four(332), region five(345), region six(340), region(340) region seven(361),region eight(334), region nine(363), region ten(365) and for region eleven(228). Then in the urban parts, the volume of questionnaires is determined regarding the number of family members in proportion to all families . The questionnaires are distributed to families a simply random method. In order measure and to obtain the average of land in square meter, the price was asked from the real estate agencies in each part of Abadan.
Conclusions and discussion
The result obtained from spreading pattern, fridman test, branch analysis model, and analytic tests of Levin and integrated indicators, all lead us to issues that the basic and problematic factor causing disorder in boroughs and spatial structure of Abadan was the oil company and its activities and side applications. The effects of this kind of development as well as in equal and inefficient distribution of the mentioned indicators have caused a type of paradox in the spatial structure of Abadan.
The results show that some oil company districts like: Bovard ,Berim, and Siklin belonging to the oil company industry employees and supported by it have higher standard services. However, other suburbs lacked the necessary welfare infrastructural services, and effects of such form of development and undesirable, unequal distribution let to some polarity in e structure of Abadan.
This led disarrangement, incongruity, contrast, and injustice in the morphology of districts and the whelp city regarding the indices of economic, social and formal structure as well as the population .
Keywords: analysis, effects of the oil industry, spatial structure, Abadan


Main Subjects

  1. احمدی، مجید، 1374، صنعتی­شدن و تحولات شهر و شهرنشینی در شازند، پایان‌نامۀ کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران.

    افشار حقیقی، فریبا، 1371، مسجد سلیمان بدون نفت، پایان‌نامۀ کارشناسی ارشد گروه شهرسازی، گرایش برنامه‌ریزی و منطقه‌ای، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

    3 -امیری، سید نورالدین، 1394، نفت­شهرهای ایرانی، چاپ اول، انتشارات خلیج‌فارس، بوشهر.

    4- امیریان، سهراب، 1389،تحلیل نقش دولت در گسترش و تمرکز شهرنشینی در ایران با تأکید بر دولت مدرن، رسالۀ دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

    5- حکمت­نیا، حسن و میرنجف موسوی، 1385، کاربرد مدل در جغرافیا با تأکید بر برنامه‌ریزی شهری و ناحیه‌ای، چاپ اول، انتشارات علم نوین، تهران.

    6- حسن‌زاده رونیزی، مریم، 1387، بررسی و تحلیل ساختار فضایی شهر شیراز با تکیه بر مدل آلن برتو، پایان‌نامۀ کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه یزد، یزد.

    7-خیرالدین، رضا، تقوایی، علی‌اکبر و جواد ایمانی، 1392، تحلیل فضایی کلان‌شهرها در ارتباط با تغییرات قیمت در ایران، نمونۀ مورد مطالعه: کلان‌شهر تبریز، نشریۀ علمی-پژوهشی انجمن علمی معماری و شهرسازی، سال سوم، شمارۀ 6، صص 17-36.

    1. زیاری، کرامت­اله، پوراحمد، احمد و روح اله محمدی، 1389، الگوی توزیع فضایی کاربری‌های شهری در شهرهای نفت‌خیز (مطالعۀ موردی: شهر دوگنبدان)، فصلنامۀ تحقیقاتی جغرافیا، سال دوم، شمارۀ 779، صص 5،

    سازمان مسکن و شهرسازی خوزستان، مشاور طرح و آمایش، طرح جامع تجدیدنظر شهر آبادان، 1387.

    سازمان مسکن و شهرسازی خوزستان، بهسازی و نوسازی بافت‌های فرسودۀ شهر آبادان، 1388.

    شیرازی، محمود، 1393، سیمای شهری و جاذبه‌های گردشگری آبادان، چاپ دوم، انتشارات افرند، تهران.

    شیخ‌زاده، حسین، 1393، نفت ایران عامل یا مانع توسعه، چاپ اول، شرکت سهامی انتشار، تهران.

    علی‌اکبری، اسماعیل، 1392، ساختارشناسی بردارهای شهرنشینی در ایران، چاپ دوم، انتشارات مهکامه، تهران.

    فرید، یدالله، 1378، جغرافیا و شهرشناسی، چاپ سوم، انتشارات دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز.

    کلانتری، خلیل، 1392، مدل‌های کمی در برنامه‌ریزی شهری و روستایی، چاپ دوم، نشر صبا، تهران.

    کلانتری، محسن و حکیمه قنبری، 1392، تأثیر اقتصاد سیاسی نفت بر روند شهرنشینی شهر یاسوج، پایان‌نامۀ کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان.

    مشهدی­زاده دهاقانی، ناصر، 1387، تحلیلی بر ویژگی‌های برنامه‌ریزی شهری در ایران، چاپ دوم، انتشارات دانشگاه علم و صنعت، تهران.

    مشکینی، ابوالفضل، قدمی، مصطفی، پژوهان، موسی و نوشین پاک­درست، 1390، تعیین راهبرد‌های متکی بر صنعت استخراج نفت با استفاده از روش swot، آنالیز IEA و ماتریس QSPM مورد مطالعه: شهر دوگنبدان، مجلۀ علمی- پژوهشی آمایش فضا، دورۀ پانزدهم، شمارۀ 3، صص 39-58.


    4- Amiri, S.N. (1394).  Iranian cities oil. (1) vol. Bushehr, khalije fars publications.

    5- Amirian, S.(1389). The study of the role of government in the development and centralization of citizenship in Iran focusing on modern government. A dissertation of Geography and urban planning. Advisor: Pourahmad, Ahmad. Tehran university, Geography college.

    6-Aliakbari, E(1392). The analysis of structures of urban functions in Iran. 2nd Edition, Tehran, Mahkameh publication al(2009), Analyzing on the selecting behavior of  mining cities, industrial transition based on the view point of sustainable development : perspective of evolution ray game, procaine Earth and planetary science.

    8-Housing Sector in the Hedges’, J. and may yes, S.and Toxics, I. 2003 Transition of the East- Central European Countries. Budapest: USAID.

    9-Hekmatnia, H and Mousavi, M.N. (1385). Applying a model in Geography focusing urban and local planning. Vol.(1) Elme Novin publications.

    10-Hasanzadeh,R.M .(1387). The study and analysis of spatial structure of Shiraz focusing. Allen Berto model . A thesis of M.A. Advisors: Zare shahabadi, Reza and Mostofi olmamaleki. Reza. Geography and urban planning development of Yazd university.

    11-Kalantari, kh.(1392). Quantities models in urban and rural planning. 2nd Edition, Tehran , Saba publications.

    12-. Kalantari,M and Ghanbari, H. (1392). The economic - political effect of oil on the citizenship process of yasuj. A thesis of M.A. in Geography and urban planning. Advisor: Kalantari- Mohsen .Zanjan university.

    13-Khouzestan Organization of urbanism and habitat. The counselor of the plan. The complete plan for revision of Abadan. (1387)

    14-Khozestan Organization of urbanism and habitat. Rebuilding and Renewing of old boroughs in Abadan.(1388)

    15- Kheiroddin, R. , Taghvaei, A. and Imani, J.(1392). An spatial analysis and megacities regarding the Chanchiang prices in Iran. Case study : Tabriz megacity .Scientific - Research journal of the scientific board of urbanism and architecture.[3] .(6). 17-36 Tehran.

    16-Mashhadizadeh,D.N. (1387). An analysis of features of urban planning in Iran. 2nd Edition .Tehran, Elmo sanat publications.

    17- Meshkini, A.,Ghadimi, M., Pazhouhan,M. and Pakdorost,N (1390). Sitting strategies emphasizing the industry of oil extraction using SWOT method, IEA analysis, and QSPM matrix. Case study: Dogonbadan city. Research- science journal of spatial statistics. issue [15],(3), pp.39- 58. Tehran.

    18- Rodrigues, J.P, 2009, Claude Comatose, Brian slack, the Geography of Transport Systems, Rutledge.

    19-Shirazi, M. (1393) urban appearance and sightseeing's. Abadan, 2nd edition, Tehran, Afrand publications.

    20- Sheikhzadeh, H. (1393). Iran's oil , obstacle or factor of development , 1st edition, Tehran , Enticer corporation.

    21-Singhal,s,and A(2010).kapur.Industrial estate planning and management India-an integrated approach towards industrial ecology Journal of Environmental Management, VOL

    22-Takahiro, A,SACHIKO,m(2007) URBANIZATION, educational expansion and expendiluresin equality  in Indonesia 1996,1999 and 2002 international for  policy research  institute.

    23-.Yadollah, F.(1378). Geography and cities. 3rd Edition, Tabriz university publications.

    24- Yari, K. (1382). The social- cultural developments result from industrial revolution in the spatial development of Tran. Geography and development journal. [1], vol.(1), pp.154-164

    25-Ziari, K, Ahmadpour, A. and Mohamadi, (1388). The pattern of space distribution for urban application in oil cities of Iran. Case study: Dogonbadan. Research journal of Geography.  [2], Vol. (779). P.5 Tehran.

    26-zayy ari K,(2003), cultural-Asocial transformations caused By in dustrrial Revolutionary in apatia Development of Tehran, journal of Geography and Developing. Vol.2.NO.1.PP.245.