Social and Economic Effects of the Villages Fringed into Urban Areas on the Cities (Case Study: Ghajloo Village in Miandoab, Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz, Iran

2 PhD Candidate in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz, Iran


Social and economic development in urban areas can have positive or negative effects on professions, markets, livestock, and environment of the surrounding rural areas. Accordingly, disasters and deterioration in the urban areas can threaten the surrounding dependent rural areas. Urban sprawl and integration of the cities into the adjacent rural areas have influences on urban areas in terms of physical, social, economic, and cultural aspects. The mutual relationships between the urban-rural systems make them dependent to each other.  The purpose of this research is to investigate the socio-economic impacts of the villages mingled into cities and also to examine the factors of urban sprawl of the Miandoab City.
Material and methods
This is an applied research in goal. It is a descriptive analytical study in methodology. We have used library and field surveys (interview, observation, and questionnaire) to gather needed data. The study area is the fringe of Ghajloo village into Miandoab City. According to statistical census conducted in 2011 by Iran Statistical Organization, the population of the village is about 3834 people in 884 families. The statistical sample of this study is 30 people of university professors and practitioners in governmental organizations as well as 187 heads of the families in the village of Ghajloo. The statistical sample has been determined by Cochran formula. To analyze the data, we have employed quanititative methods including exploratory factor analysis and multi-variate regression analysis as well as qualitative methods including participatory techniques and effect chart. The methods have helped us examine the hypotheses of the research.
Results and discussion 
The results of the research have indicated that the most important effects of the fringe of the Ghajloo Village into the city of Miandoab is an increase in employment in service and industrial sectors of economy. Another important influence is a change in lifestyle of the people from a rural life into a urban life style and urbanism. (Table 1 and 2)
Table 1. coefficients of social and economic indices

Adjusted R2


Correlation coefficient


































Table 2. the effects of the urban fringe of the Ghajloo Village into the city of Miandoab





Indices entered the model


خطای استاندار

























Land price change






Exploitation of production resources






Change in consumption pattern






Change in lifestyle






Attitude change in migration






Social cohesion




F statistic

According to the results, it can be concluded that the most important factors in urban sprawl of Miandoab were social-economic forces and that the political factors had the least impacts on development and sprawlpattern.


Main Subjects

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Volume 50, Issue 4
January 2019
Pages 831-851
  • Receive Date: 21 May 2016
  • Revise Date: 14 March 2017
  • Accept Date: 14 March 2017
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2018