23. Afshardi, M. Hossein and Madani, S. M., 2009, The Structure of the Regional Power System in the Middle East (with Emphasis on the Top Countries in the Region), Quarterly Journal of the Teacher of Humanities, Vol. 3, No. 13, PP. 113-256.
24. Ahmadipour, Z.; Ghaderi H.; Mokhtari Hashi, M. and Mokhtari Hashi, H., 2010, Geopolitical Analysis of Convergence Opportunities and Challenges in Southwest Asia, Bi-Quarterly Journal of Urban Ecological Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, PP. 77-108.
25. Arm, A., 2016, Iran and Saudi Arabia, Competition for Influence in the Middle East, Quarterly Policy Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 9, PP. 73-81.
26. Azami, H.; Zarghani, S. H. and Dabiri, A. A., 2012, Analysis of Regional Priorities and Geopolitical Perspectives in Forming Regional Organizations Case Study: Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Iranian Journal of International Politics, Vol. 1, No. 1, PP. 2-25.
27. Bozan, Bari, Elie Weaver and Yap de Wilde 2013, A New Framework for Security Analysis, translated by Alireza Tayeb, Institute for Strategic Studies, Tehran.
28. Chegnizadeh, Gholam Ali, Tajik, Hadi and Nabavi, Seyed Mehdi, 2016, The effect of Syrian developments on the interactive model between Iran and Turkey, a conceptual and theoretical model, Security Horizons Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 21, PP. 61-110.
29. Dehnavi, A. A., 2017, Explaining the concept and understanding of the geopolitical components of food., M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, Department of Political Geography. Mashhad Ferdowsi University.
30. Ezzati, E., 2001, Geopolitics in the 21st Century. Tehran: SAMT.
31. Ghasemi, F., 2012, Principles of International Relations, Tehran, Mizan, Tehran.
32. Hafeznia, M. R. and Kaviani, M., 2004, New Horizons in Political Geography, Organization for the Study and Compilation of University Books and Humanities (Samt), Tehran.
33. Hafeznia, M. R., 2006, Geopolitical Principles and Concepts, Papli Publications, Mashhad.
34. Hafeznia, M. R., 2017, Principles and concepts of geopolitics (new edition with revision), Papoli Publications, Mashhad.
35. Haji Yousefi, A. M., 2011, Developments in Turkish-Israeli Relations in the Last Decade and Its Consequences for Iran, Foreign Relations Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 2, PP. 75-104.
36. Koozegar College, Vali, 2010, Establishment of NATO Missile Defense System in Turkey: Reasons and Consequences, Tehran. Strategic Research Center, Deputy Foreign Policy Research, Strategic Report 336. p.4.
37. Mandel, R., 2008, Variable Face of National Security, Translator of Strategic Studies Research Institute, Tehran: Strategic Studies Research Institute, Tehran.
38. Mir Heydar, D., 1996, The basic themes in political geoghrapy, Samat, Tehran.
39. Mohammad Nejad, M. A. and Norouzi, M. T., 1999, Strategy Culture, Sekna, Tehran.
40. Mostagimi, B. and Maleki, G., 2008, Feasibility Study of Formation of Regional System in ECO, Central Eurasian Studies, Central Eurasia Studies, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Vol. 1, No. 2, PP. 123-142.
41. Saei, A. and Alikhani, M., 2013, A Study of the Conflict Cycle in the Relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Saudi Arabia with Emphasis on the Period of 1394-1382, SpecializedQuarterly Journal of Political Science, Vol. 9, No. 22, PP. 103-129.
42. Sazmand, Bahareh and Mehdi Jokar, 2016. Regional Security Collection, Scanners and Pattern Relations Models of the Persian Gulf Countries. International Journal of Geopolitics, Vol. 12, No. 42, PP. 151-177.
43. Tahaei, S. J., 2013, Critique of National Security Theory. Strategic Research Center, Vol. 1, No. 5, PP. 335-261.
44. Mirzakhani Silab, R., 2013, The Impact of Turkey's Geopolitical Structure on the National Security of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Seyed Javad Salehi, M.Sc. Thesis in Political Science - Regional Studies, Shiraz University.
45. Almezaini, K. S. and Rickli, Jean-Marc, 2016, The small gulf states: Foreign and security policies before and after the Arab Spring, Routledge, British.
46. Angrist, M. P., (Ed.), 2019, Politics & society in the contemporary Middle East. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder USA.
47. Beininand, J. and Vairel, F., 2013, Social movements. mobilization. and contestation in the Middle East and North Africa, Stanford University Press, United State.
48. Bello, V., 2017, International Migration and International Security: Why Prejudice Is a Global Security Threat, Taylor and Francis Publisher, England.
49. Bilgin, P., 2004, Whose ‘Middle East’? Geopolitical inventions and practices of security, International Relations, SAGE Publications, Vol. 18, No. 1, PP. 25-41.
50. Buzan, B., 2003, Regional security complex theory in the post-cold war world, In Theories of new regionalism. Springer: Palgrave Macmillan, London.
51. Buzan, B.; Wæver, O.; Wæver, O. and De Wilde, Jaap, 1998, Security: A new framework for analysis. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder USA.
52. CRS Report for congress, 2008, Iran: Ethnic and Religious Minorities, Updated November 25, Hussein D. Hassan Information Research Specialist Knowledge Services Group.
53. Heller, M., 2008, How to Avoid the Emergence of a Regional Power. The Case of Israel in the Middle East. In Regional Power Network Conference: Regional Powers in Asia, Latin America, the Near and Middle East, Hamburg, Vol. 15, PP. 16.
54. Koch, C., 2020, Stabilising the Contemporary Middle East and North Africa: Regional Actors and New Approaches. Palgrave Macmillan, Germany.
55. Koolaee, E., 2011, Iran's role in energy security at regional and global levels. Iranian Economic Review, Vol. 15, No. 28, PP. 95-115.
56. Pearse, C. K., 1971, Grazing in the Middle East: past, present, and future, Rangeland Ecology and Management/Journal of Range Management Archives, Vol. 24, No. 1, PP. 13-16.
57. Scholvin, S., 2016, Geopolitics: An overview of concepts and empirical examples from international relations, The Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Finnish.
58. US NATO Military Terminology Group, 2010, JP 1 (02) "Dictionary of Military and Associated 1.1 Terms", 2001, Pentagon, Washington: Joint Chiefs of Staff, US Department of Defense 2010 Sep. pp. 361. Washington, USA.
59. World Bank Definition: (منا) MENA, 2014, Worldbank.org, Archived from the original on, Retrieved 28 November 2014.
62. https://wikimili.com/en/Western_Asia, Data for "15 West Asian countries", from Maddison (2003 ,2007).Angus Maddison ,2003 ,The World Economy: Historical Statistics , Vol. 2, OECD, Paris, ISBN 92-64-10412-7. putehelle.firebaseapp.com.