Locational assessment of priority in development of sanitary - therapeutic services centers using AHP (Case Study: Miandoab City)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD in Geography and Urban Planning, Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD student in Geography and Urban Planning, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran


Extended Abstract
Today, with rising of population in the cities, especially large and middle cities in our country the demand for municipal services has also increased. But due to the economic- political structure of the country speed of responding to the needs has been always slower than their growth. Then in most of the cities providing facilities and public services has not been as rapid as the growth in population and beside the existing shortcomings in providing municipal services, incorrect locating and their inconsistency with municipal texture created many problems in providing these services. One of these important services in cities is sanitary-therapeutic services which paying attention to their fair distribution is necessary. In the present study with a " comparative, descriptive - analytic" approach we made attempt in addition to evaluating the distribution and dispersion estate of sanitary - therapeutic service centers in Miandoab, and identifying underserved areas of the city, according to to locating criteria and standards and using Analytical Hierarchy Process techniques (AHP), determine place ‌ priority of development of these spaces in the five areas of Miandoab city.
Universal access to urban services and social justice, ruled that a city can equal all classes of health services - therapeutic benefit. Accordingly, the study of the spatial distribution and identify priorities for health services - health as a measure of sustainable urban development, especially in the Miandoab city, few studies have been done on this issue of high importance, and could herald future. Miandoab as a central city with high immigrant and vast rural invironmental always many challenges in terms of health care is facing. Therefore, however, it appears that per capita health is not mentioned proportional share of the proposed comprehensive plans and detailed internal and external standards development. In addition, the distribution and the spatial distribution of health services - the health of the city as well as balance and imbalance has been seen in the space between these areas.
In this study the present situation sanitary - therapeutic services centers in the Miandoab city quantitatively (level, per capita, extent and function of radius), and the quality was studied. To examine the status sanitary - therapeutic services centers, including analysis of existing GIS data analysis using standard radius Centers were set. With respect to the components under study, dominant approach to the study of "comparative, descriptive - analytical" that results from it will be applied. The research sample is Miandoab five areas that the distribution and dispersion of health services - Therapeutic examined. And spatial development sanitary - therapeutic services centers located on eight criteria using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is specified. To gather preliminary data from a combination of documentary and field studies (observations and interviews) used And software excel, Expert choice and ArcGIS and Arc map to statistical analysis, mathematical and graphical representation and visual results of the study have been helped. The spatial development priorities sanitary - therapeutic services centers both manually and using the method of AHP was carried Expert choice software The results from both methods show the same situation
Results and Discussion
Given that the majority of sanitary - therapeutic services centers Miandoab city so location that First most of them near the sick applications such as industrial users and the industry have been disturbed, Secondly, the range of services with overlapping, And also in some areas in the northern and southern parts of the minimal sanitary facilities - therapeutic services centers do not have access to it. Hence, in this study we tried to use the technique, analytic hierarchy (AHP) ‌ spatial priorities of sanitary - therapeutic services centers in five key areas we identified in Miandoab. Criteria for locating sanitary - therapeutic services centers properties of according to Miandoab, and according to previous theoretical and adaptation, land near the center of the area, proximity to fire stations, access to roads networks classy, space and facilities industrial site, adjacent to green space, the slope of the area, population density were determined. Options in this study were five areas in Miandoab. In this study, we tried to also evaluate the distribution of sanitary - therapeutic services centers Miandoab city, a place of priority development areas of the city, these spaces can determine.
The results showed that in 1380, per capita sanitary - therapeutic land use of Miandoab 0/75 mm, respectively. This amounted to about 0/93 square feet less than the lowest per capita standard of Housing and Urbanization priministry Development and a detailed proposal for the city (1/68 mm). Despite very low per capita sanitary - therapeutic services centers in Miandoab, and distribution as well as the amount of available space in a balanced and proportionate to the size and population of the urban areas and therefore is not appropriate for the optimal distribution of City sustainable development. The difference between the areas with the lowest and highest per capita more than 5 times and the exact value is 5.03 mm. During the years 1380 to 1390, per capita sanitary - therapeutic of the city, and had a slow growth of per capita from 0/75 square meters in 1380 to 0/86mm at 1390 is reached. Along with the increase in per capita sanitary - therapeutic of the city, an imbalance in the enjoyment of these spaces in urban areas has also increased. Still far from reaching the country's per capita proposed detailed design and standards. Results showed that the first priority of Miandoab city, end up with a score of 0/385, most points allocated to sanitary - therapeutic services centers of the treatment of the city. Areas, three, two and four, respectively, with scores of 0/278, 0/175 and 0/100 in the rankings are next. The five lowest scores (0/061) has into account and thus place the lowest priority to the development of sanitary - therapeutic services centers. Inconsistency index compared to the priority areas of the city shows the characteristics of the results of this study in terms of logic and hierarchical analysis technique both in terms of external reality in Miandoab is logical and reasonable.


Main Subjects

  • Al-Subhi, Al- Harbi., & Kamal, M. (2002). Application of the AHP in project management. International Journal of project management, 19, 19-27.
  • Azizi, M. (2010). Application of GIS in locating and distribution network sanitary – therapeutic services centers in the city of Mahabad MA thesis, University of Tabriz,Geography and urban planning.
  • Azizi, M. & Khalili, A. (2010). Assessment Modeling Skeleton rural context of the conductor pattern, a model based on AHP AHP, research in Human Geography, 67, 27-40.
  • Bertolini, M., & Braglia, M. (2006). Application of the AHP Methodology in Making a Propozal for a Public Work Contract, International Journal of Project Management, 24(5), 422- 430
  • Bowen, W.M. (1990). Subjective judgments and Data Environment Analysis in Site Selection Computer, Environment and Urban Systems,14, 133-144.
  • Boroushaki, S., & Malczewski, J. (2008). lmplementing an extension of the analytical hierarchy process using ordered weighted averaging operators with fuzzy quantifiers in Arc GIS, Computers& Geosciences, 399-410.
  • Ebrahim zadeh,. (2011). Spatial planning and organizing - sanitary - therapeutic services using GIS, Journal of Human Geography research, 73, 41-40.
  • Feali, M., and others. (2012). location sanitary - therapeutic services centers using GIS Case Study: Four region of Shiraz, Fourth Conference on Planning and Urban Management, Mashhad.
  • James A, Lagro. (2008). Analysis a contextual approach to sustainable land planning and site design, second edition Hoboken, New Jersey, 371
  • Houshyar, H., (2010). positioning therapy using AHP method: A Case Study: Mahabad, Scientific - Research, geographic spease, 11(36), 150-131.
  • GodsiPoor, H. (2008). Analytical Hierarchy Process Tehran, published by Amirkabir University, 73-71.
  • Khakpour, B. & others, (2011) locate treatment centers using GIS and multi-criteria evaluation method of AHP, the two Nishapur, Journal of Geography and Regional Development, 19, 1-12.
  • Khorshid doust, A., & Adeli, Z. (2009) the use of AHP for finding optimal landfill case study Bonab city, Journal of Environmental Studies, 35(50), 27 -32.
  • Mirabi,saeideh, (www.shahromanzar.org)
  • Mohamadi, J., & others, (2012). first place of polls green spaces and urban parks using AHP, Case Stady: Miandoab city, Journal of New attitudes in human geography, 14, 41-62.
  • Ngain, E.W.T., & E. W. C. Chan, (2005). Evaluation of knowledge management tools using AHP, Expert system with Applications, 25-29.
  • http://www.atlas.tehran.ir
  • http://www.shahromanzar.org
  • Pour-Mohammadi, M., (2001) Urban Land Use Planning, published by samt
  • Sarvar, R, (2000). using AHP in a geographic location case study: positioning for the future development of the Miandoab city, Geographical research Journal, 49, 2-20.
  • Sarvar, R., & others, (2011). the analysis of the spatial distribution and location of medical services using a fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making models, case study: Miandoab city, Journal of Environment, 22, 100-81.
  • Shaaly, J., (1991) the spatial distribution of health services in the urban centers of Tehran Geographical Studies, 38, 31-19.
  • Sharifzadehgan, M. & others, (2000). spatial inequalities in access to public health services for urban health development through P-median model in Isfahan, Journal of Social Welfare, 10(37), 285 – 265
  • Saaty, T.L, (2008). Relative Measurement and its Generalization in Decision Making: Why Pairwise Comparisons are Central in Mathematics for the Measurement of Intangible Factors, The Analytic Hierarchy/Network Process, 02, 251-318.
  • Yaghfoury, H, & others, (2011). Application of GIS in the analysis of the spatial distribution and locate pharmacies, Case Study: Pharmacy of Jahrom city, Journal of Research and Urban Planning, 4(14), 20 – 1.
  • Zabardast, E, (2010). Application of analytic hierarchy process in urban and regional planning, Fine Art Magazine, 10, 15.
  • 28- Ziyari, K, (2002) Urban Land Use Planning, published by University of Yazd
  • 29- Zyazy, Y, and khatibzadeh,F, 1390, combining the AHP model and network analysis in GIS environment for user location Therapy (Hospital), Case Study, Semnan city), Journal of City Management, 28, 258 – 247.