Investigating the policies in urban space (Case study: Tehran)

Document Type : Research Paper


Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran


Extended Abstract


Given that space has different political, social, economic and cultural dimensions, addressing the political dimension of urban space and examining how urban space policymaking is one of the issues discussed in political geography. If, however, policies are taken without regard to the spatial context and geographical scope of the city; the mismatch between the policies and the urban space creates problems that can cause a great deal of damage. Therefore, one of the areas that today obliges political geographers to deal with is the discussion of how to politicize and manage the political space of a city with a geographical infrastructure. In Tehran, as the political capital of Iran, the geopolitical views of geographers, especially political geographers, need to be used to organize operations in the city's political space. Any kind of project and project for the political development and management of Tehran's space is impossible without the cooperation of geography. Because all projects and projects in the form of space and space come from potential to actual state of experience and experience; any project that has been formulated and implemented without the presence of geography has many problems, especially tectonic problems. Climatology and spatial inefficiency are encountered. The present article, in a descriptive-analytical way, seeks to address the issue that, in order to organize and develop Tehran, policies must be made in terms of geographical conditions and facilities, especially spatial potentials. In this context, the local government as a geographical symbol and the creation of security as a political element in Tehran's urban space has been emphasized.


This article is a fundamental and theoretical research. The sources used include documentary and library texts and inferential analyzes and are organized in a descriptive-analytical method.

Results and Discussion

Tehran's environment as a metropolis has opportunities and challenges that if planned and managed properly and efficiently, many disadvantages will be eliminated and a high percentage of potentials and opportunities will find their way to the practical space and make the capital They become an important political point in the world. The increasing complexity of people's relationships in modern societies has led to problems and problems in the social environment, especially in the capitals of countries. On the other hand, changes in the structure and social framework and the way it is formulated in the implementation and the new social order have multiplied the solution of problems and problems. Based on this situation and depending on the political and social framework and the available facilities, the relevant policymakers and agents have adopted various strategies and measures to create and maintain security (political, social, cultural and environmental) as well as to prevent the occurrence of injuries. . Here, it is important to provide information about the establishment of an efficient local government in the city of Tehran, as well as explanations about ways to create security in the city of Tehran for the peace of citizens.

In fact, the management of the political space of the city means to create material and spiritual security with the help of local organizations in a place (region, district, a geographical area) and with the cooperation of citizens. That is, without the presence of geography and geographical features, policies do not act in accordance with the space and in harmony with the spatial situation, and as a result, how to make policies in space requires the application of geography. Both in the natural field and in the human field.

As mentioned in the abstract, this article seeks to express the issue that, in order to organize and develop the city of Tehran, policies should be made in line with geographical conditions and facilities, especially spatial potentials. Today, the administration of urban affairs has undergone or should have undergone fundamental changes compared to the past. Because the possibility of public administration, with a traditional attitude, does not exist at all. At the forefront of these changes is a shift in the way public management (urban and neighborhood) is organized. Given the breadth, complexity, and diversity of government functions, the concentration of authority in ministries and senior government management agents makes it difficult to achieve development goals. Decentralization and transfer of power refers to the transfer of authority in the geographical dimension and means the transfer of authority from the central branches to the sub-branches.

The purpose of creating environmental security is to create good conditions for achieving the physical and mental health of the citizens of Tehran. Unfortunately, in Tehran, many aspects of health that are very easily accessible have been neglected, and this endangers people's health and endangers social health if it is contagious. In this regard, officials should pay attention to three key points.

1- Health services throughout the city

2. Trash cans

3- Air pollution and the environment of the city


According to the material presented in the article, we conclude that: There is a connection between politics and geography in general and politics and urban space in particular. The knowledge of geography has long been considered and used by city rulers. In the last century, the establishment of associations, institutes of geographical and strategic studies in the capitals of the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, Russia and France, etc., all show the importance and role of geographical knowledge for governments and governments in advancing their goals. Therefore, geographical worldview, in analyzing issues and also recognizing the values and importance of situations, spaces, places, capabilities and in general the secrets of their nation and other nations, gives a deep insight and comprehensive view to the rulers.Among the mentioned factors, the share of vehicle traffic in environmental pollution is more than other factors. Of course, all the pollution caused by cars is not related to the movement of vehicles in the city, and sometimes the type of vehicle, its wear and tear and the breakdown of vehicle components cause environmental pollution.


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Volume 53, Issue 4
January 2021
Pages 1543-1564
  • Receive Date: 11 July 2021
  • Revise Date: 15 November 2021
  • Accept Date: 12 October 2021
  • First Publish Date: 15 November 2021