The effect of geopolitics of energy on creating security in the regions of South Asia with an emphasis on the role of India and China in the twentieth century

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Political Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Abstract

With a population of about two billion people in 2021, South Asia has always been one of the tension centers in international policy as an independent geopolitical center. In recent decades, with the economic development of the countries in South Asia and the increase in demands for the import and consumption of energy, the regions of South Asia have attempted to make some moves which can above all increase their national security. In a similar vein, due to the presence of the pivotal countries (India and Pakistan) in East Asia which are in major conflict with each other, the issue of security in this area has turned into a vital matter for the countries of South Asia and also other countries of the world. More especially, the simultaneous development of China and India is a crucial factor for a better understanding of the twenty first century. Using an analytical-descriptive technique, the present study examines how energy has affected affect the process of national security in South Asia and how the roles which can India and China play in this regard. The results of this study suggest that factors such as conflict of interests, geographical rivalries, and regional conflicts have made China and India to go beyond their borders for economic development and prepare the conditions for providing their energy-related interests. These events have made national security in this part of the world more fragile and subject to any threat.

With a population of about two billion people in 2021, South Asia has always been one of the tension centers in international policy as an independent geopolitical center. In recent decades, with the economic development of the countries in South Asia and the increase in demands for the import and consumption of energy, the regions of South Asia have attempted to make some moves which can above all increase their national security. In a similar vein, due to the presence of the pivotal countries (India and Pakistan) in East Asia which are in major conflict with each other, the issue of security in this area has turned into a vital matter for the countries of South Asia and also other countries of the world. More especially, the simultaneous development of China and India is a crucial factor for a better understanding of the twenty first century. Using an analytical-descriptive technique, the present study examines how energy has affected affect the process of national security in South Asia and how the roles which can India and China play in this regard. The results of this study suggest that factors such as conflict of interests, geographical rivalries, and regional conflicts have made China and India to go beyond their borders for economic development and prepare the conditions for providing their energy-related interests. These events have made national security in this part of the world more fragile and subject to any threat.

With a population of about two billion people in 2021, South Asia has always been one of the tension centers in international policy as an independent geopolitical center. In recent decades, with the economic development of the countries in South Asia and the increase in demands for the import and consumption of energy, the regions of South Asia have attempted to make some moves which can above all increase their national security. In a similar vein, due to the presence of the pivotal countries (India and Pakistan) in East Asia which are in major conflict with each other, the issue of security in this area has turned into a vital matter for the countries of South Asia and also other countries of the world. More especially, the simultaneous development of China and India is a crucial factor for a better understanding of the twenty first century. Using an analytical-descriptive technique, the present study examines how energy has affected affect the process of national security in South Asia and how the roles which can India and China play in this regard. The results of this study suggest that factors such as conflict of interests, geographical rivalries, and regional conflicts have made China and India to go beyond their borders for economic development and prepare the conditions for providing their energy-related interests. These events have made national security in this part of the world more fragile and subject to any threat.

With a population of about two billion people in 2021, South Asia has always been one of the tension centers in international policy as an independent geopolitical center. In recent decades, with the economic development of the countries in South Asia and the increase in demands for the import and consumption of energy, the regions of South Asia have attempted to make some moves which can above all increase their national security. In a similar vein, due to the presence of the pivotal countries (India and Pakistan) in East Asia which are in major conflict with each other, the issue of security in this area has turned into a vital matter for the countries of South Asia and also other countries of the world. More especially, the simultaneous development of China and India is a crucial factor for a better understanding of the twenty first century. Using an analytical-descriptive technique, the present study examines how energy has affected affect the process of national security in South Asia and how the roles which can India and China play in this regard. The results of this study suggest that factors such as conflict of interests, geographical rivalries, and regional conflicts have made China and India to go beyond their borders for economic development and prepare the conditions for providing their energy-related interests. These events have made national security in this part of the world more fragile and subject to any threat.

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Main Subjects



Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 12 December 2021
  • Receive Date: 16 March 2021
  • Revise Date: 11 December 2021
  • Accept Date: 12 December 2021
  • First Publish Date: 12 December 2021