Location Analysis of Karaj Central Disaster Management Support Bases via Geographic Information System (GIS)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 associate professor in geography and urban planning in payam nor univer sity Iran tehran

2 Faculty member of Payame Noor University, Karaj Center

3 Employee

Abstract

Abstract:

Human history is replete with various types of environmental factors recognized as the most destructive natural disasters. The metropolis of Karaj also has such a problem due to its proximity to the active fault in the north of the city and its unsustainable development, with old and worn textures and in addition to the presence of a large part of marginal textures in the vicinity of potential faults. In recent years, the establishment of Crisis Management Support Base has been on the agenda of crisis prevention and management organizations in metropolitan areas. The study to locate the best geographical site for such a base is a decisive factor, a place that is safe for the base in the time of crisis and also effective and useful as possible. This is an applied descriptive-analytical paper. The current paper aims at finding the best place for the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj.

Accordingly, first the effective factors and criteria in locating the Crisis Management Support Base were identified. These criteria were weighed, having determined the effective natural and human criteria using pairwise comparison technique (AHP) and software (Expert choice). In the next step, all layers of information in the Geographic Information System (GIS) were combined with each other and five locations were identified as proposed locations for the construction of the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj; In the end, one of them was chosen as the best place.



Abstract:

Human history is replete with various types of environmental factors recognized as the most destructive natural disasters. The metropolis of Karaj also has such a problem due to its proximity to the active fault in the north of the city and its unsustainable development, with old and worn textures and in addition to the presence of a large part of marginal textures in the vicinity of potential faults. In recent years, the establishment of Crisis Management Support Base has been on the agenda of crisis prevention and management organizations in metropolitan areas. The study to locate the best geographical site for such a base is a decisive factor, a place that is safe for the base in the time of crisis and also effective and useful as possible. This is an applied descriptive-analytical paper. The current paper aims at finding the best place for the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj.

Accordingly, first the effective factors and criteria in locating the Crisis Management Support Base were identified. These criteria were weighed, having determined the effective natural and human criteria using pairwise comparison technique (AHP) and software (Expert choice). In the next step, all layers of information in the Geographic Information System (GIS) were combined with each other and five locations were identified as proposed locations for the construction of the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj; In the end, one of them was chosen as the best place.



Abstract:

Human history is replete with various types of environmental factors recognized as the most destructive natural disasters. The metropolis of Karaj also has such a problem due to its proximity to the active fault in the north of the city and its unsustainable development, with old and worn textures and in addition to the presence of a large part of marginal textures in the vicinity of potential faults. In recent years, the establishment of Crisis Management Support Base has been on the agenda of crisis prevention and management organizations in metropolitan areas. The study to locate the best geographical site for such a base is a decisive factor, a place that is safe for the base in the time of crisis and also effective and useful as possible. This is an applied descriptive-analytical paper. The current paper aims at finding the best place for the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj.

Accordingly, first the effective factors and criteria in locating the Crisis Management Support Base were identified. These criteria were weighed, having determined the effective natural and human criteria using pairwise comparison technique (AHP) and software (Expert choice). In the next step, all layers of information in the Geographic Information System (GIS) were combined with each other and five locations were identified as proposed locations for the construction of the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj; In the end, one of them was chosen as the best place.



Abstract:

Human history is replete with various types of environmental factors recognized as the most destructive natural disasters. The metropolis of Karaj also has such a problem due to its proximity to the active fault in the north of the city and its unsustainable development, with old and worn textures and in addition to the presence of a large part of marginal textures in the vicinity of potential faults. In recent years, the establishment of Crisis Management Support Base has been on the agenda of crisis prevention and management organizations in metropolitan areas. The study to locate the best geographical site for such a base is a decisive factor, a place that is safe for the base in the time of crisis and also effective and useful as possible. This is an applied descriptive-analytical paper. The current paper aims at finding the best place for the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj.

Accordingly, first the effective factors and criteria in locating the Crisis Management Support Base were identified. These criteria were weighed, having determined the effective natural and human criteria using pairwise comparison technique (AHP) and software (Expert choice). In the next step, all layers of information in the Geographic Information System (GIS) were combined with each other and five locations were identified as proposed locations for the construction of the Central Crisis Management Support Base in Karaj; In the end, one of them was chosen as the best place.

Keywords

Main Subjects



Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 07 May 2022
  • Receive Date: 27 October 2021
  • Revise Date: 28 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 07 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 07 May 2022