City development strategies of Piaranshahr with CDS approach

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran.



Extended Abstract
Since 1999, a new approach was proposed in the planning literature under the title of "Urban Development Strategy," which focuses on strengthening the competitive economy, but at the same time, environmental, financial, infrastructure, urban structure, and reduction aspects. It covers poverty and includes planning for measures prepared to improve urban management and governance, increase investment to improve services and employment, and sustain and systematically reduce poverty in the city. In these plans, with the focus on urban management and the participation of urban stakeholders, the city's vision is specified, and strategies are formulated to achieve the vision and sustainable development of the city. The rapid changes in Piranshahr due to the city's functioning require the city to have a basic, correct, flexible, and suitable plan. Despite this, having a comprehensive and forward-looking plan has been deprived. It has been limited to a guiding and comprehensive urban plan due to the emphasis on the physical aspect, static and traditional, lack of flexibility, weak implementation capability, the lack of attention to the dominant function of the city, and most importantly, the lack of people's participation in these plans have not met the current needs of Piranshahr. The current research was written to measure the indicators of urban development strategy, identify the city's potential, and formulate its development strategies.
The present research is based on the objective, functional, and descriptive-analytical methods. Data were collected using a survey approach. The statistical population of the research is three groups of citizens, officials, and elites of Piranshahr. To evaluate the situation of Piranshahr in terms of the CDS index, questionnaires were distributed among a group of citizens, officials, and elites, and after data collection, they were analyzed in SPSS software. According to the results of the questionnaire and according to the upstream plans and the review of the existing situation, the key limitations and the potential and future development prospects of Piranshahr were identified and specified. Then, the factors identified in the SWOT model were evaluated, and their weighting was done by redistributing the questionnaire. According to the weighting results of the questionnaires, strategies were prioritized with a combination of AHP-SWOT and ANP-SWOT models and Expert Choice and Super Decision software.
Results and discussion
The evaluation results of CDS indicators in Piranshahr from the point of view of urban groups of citizens, officials, and elites were 2.42, 2.31, and 2.15, respectively. There is a significant difference in the evaluation of the views of the urban groups in relation to the indicators, and only in the index "dominance" (F (2, 479) =2.48, P=0.084), there is no significant difference between the groups. It can be said that "Piranshahr is not in a favorable situation in terms of CDS indicators and sub-indices." In the landscape creation process, citizens, officials, and elites have identified the main issues in the current situation as the lack of urban facilities and services (citizens), the lack of appropriate and sufficient government investments (officials), and the lack of a comprehensive plan for the city (elites) have listed the process of co-creating the vision was done in two stages, which is as follows:
 "A city with an economy based on commercial (overseas) commercial activity; a city with mining activity (with an emphasis on decorative stone mines); a city with natural and historical tourist attractions with an emphasis on shopping tourism; a city with an agricultural economy."
The residents of Piranshahr have a consensus regarding the potential of Piranshahr and the vision of the city in the next 20 years. The results of the AHP model show that the strategy "Strengthening the commercial performance (overseas) of Piranshahr city and related functions" with the highest score (0.374) as the "best strategy" and the strategy "creating and developing infrastructure" Tourism strategies with an emphasis on shopping tourism and optimal utilization of natural and historical tourist attractions" were also selected with a score of 0.284 as an "alternative strategy" for the future development of Piranshahr. Also, the results of the ANP model indicate that the strategy "Strengthening the business performance (overseas) of Piranshahr city and related functions" with the highest score (0.357) as the "best strategy" and the main strategy for the future development of Piranshahr was determined. The final output of the two models shows differences only in the final weights of the strategies; so, the priority in the AHP model is 0.374 but in the ANP model it is 0.357.
What is clear is that Piranshahr is not in a favorable situation in terms of CDS indicators. Therefore, it is necessary to look at the management and development of Piranshahr from a participatory point of view. The city management and its development have left the path of following political management, and by involving the stakeholders of the city in the urban development program, the sharp divergence between the city management and social activists reduced and thus improved the situation of CDS indicators in the city and led it to a path where every citizen is responsible for the development of the city and thus the situation of CDS indicators in Piranshahr has improved. The ground for the development of the city should be prepared. On the other hand, according to the development of a specific vision for the city in a specific horizon (2035), it is necessary to prepare a comprehensive urban plan based on integrated urban management with the participation of citizens and creating a suitable environment by the urban management. The city's administrative and executive bodies should lead the city toward development by moving in the direction of integrated management.
The costs of this research have been covered by the student.
Authors’ Contribution
Authors contributed equally to the conceptualization and writing of the article. All of the authors approved thecontent of the manuscript and agreed on all aspects of the work declaration of competing interest none.
Conflict of Interest
Authors declared no conflict of interest.
 We are grateful to all the scientific consultants of this paper.


Main Subjects

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