New Planning Principles for Rethinking the Theoretical Framework of the Rural Guide Plan

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student of Geography and Rural Planning, Human Geography Group, Faculty of Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Human Geography Group, Faculty of Geography, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran



Extended Abstract


Although the pilot project paves the way for positive consequences, such as the relative prevention of illegal construction, the definition of the need and provision of utilities and public services, and the regulation of physical expansion in the village, it also has negative consequences for the village and the villagers. Considering the importance of the pilot project in the villages of the country and being aware of the shortcomings and challenges facing the project, it is necessary to provide a suitable planning framework for the rural pilot project. With half a century of planning experience, Iran is one of the most established countries in the field of planning; However, the evaluation of the development plans shows that due to the dominance of the sectoral structure on the development of the plans, the development indicators of the country's rural settlements are still not in a suitable condition. The sectoral perspective along with the maximum involvement of the government in rural development leads to the exclusion of the participation of people, local institutions and non-governmental organizations from the development process and inconsistency in the process of planning and service delivery and increasing costs, wasting human, financial and social capital, finally creating It has fueled dissension and dissatisfaction among the people of the village. In other words, the planning system has always been accompanied by a vertical view. Undoubtedly, current and future challenges cannot be solved with yesterday's approaches that have created today's problems. Therefore, according to the type of approach that governs the planning of the country, it is inevitable to change the method in rural planning and review the policies of the development programs in the territory. Therefore, the present research is an effort with the aim of determining the framework and principles of planning the development of rural settlements. This research has been conducted with an interpretive approach and qualitative methodology, and it aims to provide a platform to modify the conceptual and practical framework of the project or make a fundamental change in its framework for the trustees. Therefore, it tries to answer the following key question:

What should be the appropriate conceptual framework for rural development planning at the local level?


In the current research, field method and semi-structured interview technique were used to collect data in the form of snowball sampling. Interviews were conducted among experts. After conducting 25 interviews, theoretical saturation was achieved; But for more certainty, the interviews continued up to 30 people. In the framework of qualitative methodology, after data collection, MAXQDA software was used to analyze them based on grounded theory.

Results and discussion

The results obtained from the comparative studies indicate that in general, the country's planning system is centralized and plans and programs are in the framework of the national plan. In unsuccessful experiences, development plans and programs have been viewed as a physical and cross-sectional plan for a certain time, not as a document that defines the goals, missions and policies of protection, development and development of the village in an all-round way (social, economic, environmental and physical) should be considered. While these plans should be considered as a guide to guide and monitor the way of rural development in the framework of appropriate and useful planning. Despite this necessity, the researches conducted in the field of rural development planning have often emphasized the problems and issues and less to provide solutions. They have addressed these issues; Therefore, in the upcoming article, the researchers tried to present the conceptual framework of the rural leader plan from the point of view of academic experts and executive bodies, being aware of the inadequacies and challenges facing the development plans of rural settlements (Hadi Plan), and different from other researches of Reach a new understanding of the planning framework through the interview method.


From the point of view of the interviewees of the upcoming research, planning should be community-oriented, which has a framework and principles such as the integration of development, monitoring and evaluation of the rural development process, problem-oriented, gradualism, and the development of participatory management. In such planning, comprehensive rural attention, capacity development in rural areas, local participation of rural people, integrated rural development, etc. will be emphasized. Plans are more efficient and effective when they are decided and implemented at the local level by local actors. Development plans at different scales should be comprehensive and coherent, consistent with each other and able to formulate strategic visions about the respective region. Also, these programs should be a mirror to reflect local priorities and demands, and when formulating and implementing a local program, public support and participation is considered essential. Finally, Iran's local development programs should include the economic and social conditions of rural areas in its agenda; Because different rural areas have their own conditions, criteria, characteristics, economic and socio-cultural requirements, and optimal mechanisms are determined according to the specific characteristics of each area. In fact, until the characteristics and conditions of each rural area are determined, it is not possible to provide a version to improve the Hadi plan or any other type of plan. The intended goals of an efficient and effective rural leadership plan are not based on a static system, but they are adapted and dynamic by developing according to local conditions, as well as creating and strengthening local participation in the structure of rural areas. These programs should enable the participation of local and government institutions, which is the most important prerequisite for this participation of education.


Principles of planning, rural development, rural master plan.


There is no funding support.

Authors’ Contribution

Authors contributed equally to the conceptualization and writing of the article. All of the authors approved thecontent of the manuscript and agreed on all aspects of the work declaration of competing interest none.

Conflict of Interest

Authors declared no conflict of interest.


We are grateful to all the scientific consultants of this paper.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 03 April 2024
  • Receive Date: 22 September 2023
  • Revise Date: 27 March 2024
  • Accept Date: 03 April 2024