بررسی و رتبه بندی درجه توسعه یافتگی شهرستان های استان خراسان شمالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

نویسنده

چکیده

شناخت و بررسی امکانات و توانایی ها و در پی آن تعیین سطوح توسعه یافتگی نواحی از چالش های جدی پیش روی برنامه ریزی شهری و نخستین گام در فرآیند برنامه ریزی و توسعه چنین نواحی به شمار می رود. رشد و توسعه به عنوان یک مقوله اقتصادی- اجتماعی ابتدا از سوی اقتصاددانان و سپس جامعه شناسان و پژوهشگران برخی از علوم چون جغرافیا مورد توجه و اساس برنامه ریزی قرار گرفت. مفهوم واژه توسعه همانند سایر واژه های علمی با پیشرفت دانش و معرفت بشری و چالش های علمی در محافل آکادمیک از یک روند تکاملی و پویا برخوردار بوده است بدین منظور هدف کلی از این مقاله، ارزیابی توسعه استان خراسان شمالی و تعیین سطوح توسعه یافتگی شهرستانهای این استان به لحاظ برخورداری از شاخص های توسعه می باشد. برای ارزیابی سطح توسعه استان از روش آزمون علامت و برای تعیین سطوح توسعه یافتگی شهرستانها از مدل های موریس، تاکسونومی عددی و امتیاز استاندارد شده با انتخاب 79 متغیر در قالب شاخص های اجتماعی- فرهنگی، اقتصادی، بهداشتی – درمانی، زیربنایی، آموزشی و مسکن استفاده شده است. نتایج حاصله بیانگر آن است که سطح توسعه استان خراسان شمالی طبق ارزیابی شاخص های منتخب در کل پایین تر از شاخص های ملی بوده و نابرابری توسعه شهری در این سطح تأیید شده است. همچنین یافته های تحقیق نشان می دهد که بین شهرستانهای این استان به لحاظ سطوح نسبی توسعه نابرابری و اختلاف فاحشی وجود دارد، به طوریکه از مجموع 6 شهرستان، یک شهرستان در سطح توسعه یافته، سه شهرستان در سطح درحال توسعه و دو شهرستان در سطح توسعه نیافته قرار دارند که این امر وجود یک بحران جدی را به لحاظ برخورداری از سطوح توسعه در شهرستانهای این استان نشان می دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation and grading the level of development in states of Northern Khorasan.

نویسندگان [English]

  • MASOUM DOSTI
  • somayeh Ebrahimi
  • keramatollah ziari
Writer
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
introductionI
Extension and development as a usual – economical item is considered a serious matter from the side of economist sociologist and scholars of different sciences particularly geography. Extension as a term was defined from early nineteenth century. Hira deyas believes that extension has an extensive effort on all people’s life. It is not only the thing that everyone wants to improve their own life the optimum goal of extension is to improve all peoples life quality ,so our enderearos to achier the extension should corer the majority of people’s benefit. Based on this principle, extent happen on planning. In general, deprive is a rational vocabulary that every person or group has got their own definition based on their notion or paint of view. Some of them consider the quantity scales and believe that of a certain in came is equal to deprivation or living in a poor condition. But all of these definitions, find their primary and original formation with respect to accessing to income or not getting it. The level of having benefit of a region toward the facilities (human resources , financial) is the scale at comparison with that region to another which not have those resources. So, knowing all festive factors an deprivation and evaluating its functional effete at each of them is the best at defining the desperation at each region. Scientific recognition of facilities and capabilities, and disorganization of Northern Khorasan can help us the create regional balance all over the state and facilitate the development and extension of same areas which is one at the important factor that can be beneficial and effective in editing and performing the social – economical development plan in country.
Having regional disqualifies the differences along with natural , economical and social features are under the influence of policies and planning. This fact motivated the planners to innovate technics and methods to recognize and analyze the regional disqualifies through determining the regional development . one of these (level) method is Taxonomy model, mores model and standardize score, meanwhile, with a great success in geographical information system it is now possible to model and analyze the information The space. It is obvious that each of these method are based on different achievements and theoretical background. In result, they represent different categorizes.
Methodology
The type of applied research and evaluation is descriptive – analytic. On this basis, first , with the help of library method we evaluate the theory principles regarding to the subject and of northern Khorasan extensive with the help at sign exam. All of these data’s are collected in dealing with Population and Housing Census in 1385.
Later, in order to evaluate and determine the development degree and status of the prurience in different section such as cultural- social , economical , hygiene – treatment , infrastruction , educational and Housing , the methods of moris, standard score and Taxonomy model are used to distinguish and analyze the level of extension and provincial grading in 79 scales. Result and discussion.
Result and discussion
The geographical region which were researched is North Khorasan and its social statistics.
The province is extended to 28166 thousand square kilometer between geographical circuit from 36/37 to 38 and 12 toward east equator and 55 c and 53 to 58 and 20 the east length from Greenwich Meridian. According to Census In 1385 the population is 811572. The first step for evaluation the development Of this province is to compare it with national scales. They we use different characteristics to evaluate the development level. Of Northern Khorasan cities, considering to this fact that mentioned characteristics to analyze the cities are suitable but not enough. Therefore, this paper that tried to eliminate non- standard unit to evaluate the development at the cities in the province in dealing with maximum raw data to able to change the information and development verities.
Conclusion
Nowdays, the economist who are the tan of balanced development in deserted regions of a country believe that continuous development pole theory not only can destroy the regional inequality in not developing countries but also it intensify it. So, they offer the necessities at the correct regional planning to get to a balanced development. They believe that the at a balanced development should end to created the best facilities and conditions for society development in all regions, it can decrease the regional life differences and finally destroys it. Therefore, the recognition and the evaluation of facilities and capabilities and determining the development is on of the great challenge in the regions the result of this research declares that the selected scales at North Khorasan is lower than the national scales. That is because of its economical base which is an agricultural productions and the low attention to financial and credits to agricultural products put the state in a lower level in comparing with the national scale.
The result at the paper shows that in considering 79 scales in different social economical , biological fields , we can clearly states that 95 percent the selected scales of Northern Khorasan development is under the national scales and it proves the inequality principles. Finding alley shows that there are a considerable difference and inequality among the states of this province, whereas, among 6 states one of them is developed , 3 of them developing level among the states.
The results are shown , according to selected scales that the level of development Northern Khorasan state generally is lower than national scales and studies confirm the urban development disqualifies. Also, the research findings shown
That among the cities in the province , in regarding with the level of disqualifies development , has a great differences. Thereafter , among 6states , one of is developed 3 of than are developing and 2 of them are categorized under developing. This shows a serious crisis in dealing with confronting the development level among the states in the province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Developing
  • Sign text
  • Numerical Taxonomy
  • Standard scare
  • Northern Khorasan

مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده
انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 13 مرداد 1394
  • تاریخ دریافت: 21 دی 1393
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 12 مرداد 1394
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 13 مرداد 1394