بررسی مکانی پارکینگ طبقاتی کلپا در شهر همدان به‌ روش تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان کرج، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد برنامه‌ریزی شهری، مؤسسه آموزش عالی، دهخدا، قزوین، ایران

چکیده

انتخاب مکان برای احداث پارکینگ‌های طبقاتی یکی از مسائل مهم و کلیدی در شهرهای بزرگ و کلان‌شهرهاست؛ از این‌رو با توجه به تعدادی از معیارها و پارامترها، به‌کارگیری اصول صحیح مکان‌یابی و با هدف تعیین مناسب‌ترین مکان، باید به بررسی و تعیین این مسئله پرداخت. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر، تحلیل مکانی پارکینگ کلپا و دلایل موفقیت یا شکست آن در جذب رانندگان و ساکنان در شهر همدان است. برای دست‌یابی به این هدف، از پارامترهای دسترسی، شعاع عملکرد، امنیت، کاربری مناسب برای تأسیس پارکینگ، مساحت زمین و... استفاده شده است. پس از تعیین معیارهای مورد نظر، به روش تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی (AHP) در فضای نرم‌افزار Expert choice، وزن‌دهی و مقایسة معیارها و گزینه‌های انتخابی انجام شد تا گزینة بهینه مشخص شود و مکانی مناسب برای احداث پارکینگ‌های جدید در این محله مدنظر قرار بگیرد. براساس نتایج بررسی گزینه‌های منتخب، محل احداث پارکینگ کلپا، مشکلات و مسائل بسیاری دارد و مکان مناسبی برای احداث پارکینگ مورد نظر نیست. همچنین بررسی تعیین نقاط انتخابی و مقایسة آن‌ها با یکدیگر نشان می‌دهد گزینة 5 که زمین متروکه است و دسترسی آن از دو خیابان بوعلی و بین‌النهرین تأمین می‌شود، به‌دلیل ویژگی‌های بهتر، از دیگر نقاط ارجحیت دارد و مکانی مناسب برای احداث پارکینگ طبقاتی جدید در محلة کلپا در شهر همدان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Spatial Analysis of kolapa vertical parking in Hamedan city by using hierarchical analysis method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad gholami 1
  • Valiollah Nazari 2
  • Maryam Samadian 3
1 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Payam Noor University, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Geography, Farhangian University,Karaj, Iran
3 Azad University architecture student
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Introdoction
In today's modern cities, urban road network is important as the vital arteries of the city. Increasing population and urban development, on the one hand, and the increasing use of private cars on the other, as well as low street widths, especially in the central part of the city, include many problems, such as increasing the marginal park, limiting visibility for drivers at intersections, Reduced safety and other adverse psychological effects on the citizen (Soleimani et al, 2014: 118), Based on this, the proper locating of public parking places increases the efficiency of parking, thereby reducing the marginal park and indirectly increasing the width of the streets and the traffic flow (Talib, 2010: 119). Today, in metropolises, due to limited spaces, vertical parking can be optimized to increase the service of a large amount of vehicles. Class parking can be effective when it comes to spatially-appropriate spatial location (Maleki and Zarei, 2012: 60).Accordingly, the main issue of this research is the spatial analysis of the kolapa vertical parking in Hamedan from the point of view of the application of the parameters necessary and appropriate for locating the correct urban user.
Methodology
The present study is an applied method and its method is descriptive-analytic. In this research, the library-documentary method has been used to formulate theoretical foundations. In order to know the scope of the study and to investigate the current situation and the reasons for the success and failure of the kolapa's parking in Hamedan to attract vehicle owners, field observations, direct observation and survey methods have been used. The data gathering tool in this research was the use of statistical resources, library, and comprehensive plans of Hamadan city, direct observation and field observations. In this research, Hierarchical Analytic Analyzer (AHP) method has been used to evaluate the criteria and select the appropriate location for the new public parking in the study area.
Results and discussion
According to available evidence, kolapa neighborhood located in Zone 2 of Hamadan's Bou Ali streets, boulevards civil martyr, Taleghani Street 15 Fryrdyn and surrounding streets. According to field observations, Street 15 Farvardin level of service B, Taleghani Avenue level of service C, Street Bu-Ali has a level of service D, and Boulevard martyr civil service level of C, is generally desired range of traffic volume is heavy. Bou-Ali Boulevard, with its access role as well as the commercial and administrative services provided sometimes by each other, has a lot of traffic throughout the day, and in most cases the marginal parks located on this street prevent it from functioning properly, so that in many cases we see a stop of the dubbing of cars on this street, which has many problems. The passageways of this place are not suitable for the pavement, and in many cases, after the extension of some streets and alleys, traffic barriers, such as electric light beams, have not been displaced, and ... have caused a lot of problems for the residents, which can be Solving these problems has regulated the local transport situation at the neighborhood level.
The network governing the kolapa neighborhood is a spiral grid, which are a stench and an inseparable characteristic of this local network. The network, with its initial design of at least 5 years ago, has gradually retreated over time, with the implementation of detailed plans as well as the guiding principles of the previous one, more or less the buildings retreated from the alleys of the streets, causing The occurrence of irregularities and ups and downs has been irregular. Also, lack of proper coverage has slowed down the traffic and communication problems of the winter season. Other inappropriate factors on this network are the existence of alleys that barely travel a vehicle and there are many deadlock alleys.
Vertical Classical parking kolapa is a private parking garage with a total area of 1200 square meters and is located in the 6th floor in the kolapa neighborhood, one of the most crowded neighborhoods in the city of Hamedan. It was opened in 2012. The capacity of the parking lot is 150 cars, which, on average, use the statistics to park an average of 50 vehicles per day in this parking lot. Weekends (Thursdays and Fridays) are quieter than other days due to the fact that Bou ali Avenue has more administrative and commercial applications and on holiday days the percentage of visitors to this street is reduced. The following table shows the average number of car parks Shown during the week.
Conclusion
The results of the study of determining the selected points and comparing them with each other indicate that Option 5, which is a subway ground and accessed from Bou ali and Mesopotamia, is due to better features than other points of priority, and is a suitable place for constructing class parking It is located in the town of kolapa in the city of Hamedan. Also after checking, it became clear that the existing parking, which is option number 4, is an unsuitable place for parking, and that its location and construction at the current location is incorrect and has weaknesses that make the drivers of the vehicles unwilling to use It has been. Some of these reasons are:
- The existence of a huge vacant land in the center of the kolapa neighborhood near the current vertical parking has made it difficult for drivers to not park their vehicles in it.
- The kolapa Parking does not have enough access to the main street (Bou ali), and drivers who travel to Bou Ali Boulevate can only access to the vertical parking from main Alley.
- Another reason for not using the vertical parking is the presence of parking in narrow and enclosed alleys.
Keywords
street capacity, location, parking, parking Kolapa, Hamedan

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • street capacity
  • location
  • parking
  • parking Klopa
  • Hamedan
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