1 استادیار گروه جغرافیای دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The structural and functional changes of social and political systems have led to the establishment of different grounds in administrating urban affairs. The formation and role attribution to different actors of urban ground, including government, people, civil and legislation institutions, etc, have caused the development of counter and bilateral duties and tasks between the citizens and affairs administrators in both national and local levels. Cities, as accommodation centers, have different structure and functions. Formation of structural elements in the cities and various roles are formed by the political and social actors of the state; however, managing the urban affairs and meeting the citizens’ demands and expectations require grounds and beds on the light of which, the demands would receive rational and reasonable answers. City, citizens and urban management are concepts with very close ties. Establishment of conditions and necessary grounds for the interaction between the elements of urban management that consists citizens, city administrators’ institutes, Islamic council and private sector need to be established on the legitimacy and legalization circles. The legalization is based on developing rules and agreements that clear mutual duties and tasks of both citizens and urban management and aims at organizing urban life and activities of urban management. This paper tries to analyze and describe the concept, background and settlement place of citizenship in the urban rules and regulations and determines its relationship with urban management as well.