1 استادیار گروه جغرافیای دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
2 استاد گروه جغرافیای دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
3 دانشجوی دوره دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the major changes of tow the last ten years is the settlement of U.S.S.R and breaking down of east metallic block walls. After that the opening of border between Iran and Turkmenistan in the Khorasan and Golestan provinces was of important happening which made super changes in these provinces and also the region، although the regions were not secure from these changes.
The citiies and villages near the boundries maybe developed and or declind. It depends on if the boundary line disorder their natural influence or they receive new roles. The difference between boundaries of hard and easy supervising is identified from this view.
In this paper we address a part of a field study. In this case study we have employed existing researches as well as local information.