عنوان مقاله [English]
Inappropriate planning and lack of financial and human resources and equitable distribution of them caused major issues in development of small towns and cities. Housing sector as multi-dimensional issue has a great impact on urban development. For assessment and evaluation of the development of cities, first there must be comprehensive survey of housing sector situation in cities. This provides the context for strategic planning and implementation plans suitable for housing development. This also provides an analysis of the dependence of human settlement in the region and then, an integrated regional development for the region. . .
This research has a descriptive analytical method, to examine central region of Hamedan province in terms of development in the housing sector. In this research, 21 indicators related to housing including qualitative, economic, demographic, and physical indices have been examined based on the information of 9 cities of middle Hamedan Province. SPSS statistical technique and model of Factor analysis have been used in this research. A combination of descriptive and analytical methods in has been used by statistical techniques including factor analysis model in SPSS software
Results and discussion
Based on research findings, the province have developed and undeveloped and less developed cities. The use of new information and management systems such as GIS can be suggested for more desirable urban management and awareness of deficiencies and needs, particularly in the housing sector in all cities of the province. Necessity for government intervention in order to provide the housing required for low income groups and necessary facilities and exemptions, and tax support and effective banking. Development of per capita standard of housing can also b e suggested in the cities of developing and least developed countries through land use planning. Durable materials consistent with the climate can be used. It is better to reach household density in housing units to number one. It is required to prevent spiral growth of the city, especially in rural cities and at elite cities. A model of optimal and sustainable urban development with smart growth approach can be presented in the development of the city.
Results of this research show that housing development pattern in the middle region of Hamedan is not balanced. This requires a conscious planning integrated in the housing. More than half of the indicators in Hamadan are better than the average values of the state and the district town. In the research, the most deprived urban areas were identified in terms of housing.