نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه تربیتمدرس
2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامهریزی روستایی دانشگاه تربیتمدرس و مدرس مدعو دانشگاه پیامنور دلفان
3 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامهریزی روستایی، دانشگاه تربیتمدرس
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the quality of life is one of the most important aspects of spatial planning in different countries. This is due to the increasing importance of the quality of life studies in public policy and its role as an efficient tool for monitoring and management of spatial planning. However, the scale of social and individual life quality in rural settlements has long been of interest to planners. But in recent decades by the priority of social goals, this concept has gradually found its way in human attitudes and sociological literature by developing and compiling it into development programs in major developed countries.
The purpose of this study is to assess and prioritize the quality of life situation within the villages Noorabad Dehestan in central part of Delfan. This research has used a descriptive-analytic method. Therefore, a multi-criteria decision analysis model (KOPRAS) and corresponding analysis methods were used to rank the 16 villages of the area. This value is determined as the zero and one, whatever the value is closer to one, it indicates a high quality of life in villages of the sample, and whatever it is closer to zero, it indicates poor quality of life in the villages. Hence, a volume sample of 240 households was determined in the sample society by Cochran. To assess quality of life in rural area of Noorabad were used in response to intuitive and logical, descriptive statistics. To identify satisfaction of the eight quality of life conditions in rural villages and then prioritize them in terms of the eight domains of quality of life, we used six Likert scale. This is ranged from complete dissatisfaction to complete satisfaction. The average scores obtained for each village matrix shows our situation.
Results and discussion
One way to measure quality of life in terms of response is intuitive and logical conditions. In a contextual way, people are questioned about their life as a whole, but in a reasonable way, they are questioned about their perception of various areas of life such as housing, the environment, security, jobs, income, and etc. When people responded to the questions, their feelings about life as a whole is questioned. As a result, they can offer a logical response by different aspects of life. Based on the existing research literature in assessment and prioritization of the quality of life with special emphasis on rural areas, 34 items in 8 domains of housing, physical environment, access to services, security, health, employment, leisure and panic disorder, social design and decision-making model was studied by Kopras. In all aspects, we found the villages of KhalifaAbad, AkbarAbadi and Zafarabad in the better quality of life situation. Based on the investigation and observation of the situation, the villages with more population have better access to services and better position to the city center. Thus, with the favorable conditions of the inhabitants of these villages, they have also greater satisfaction.
From the results of this research, it can be inferred that Noorabad has different situation in terms of quality of life. The results of the research based on kopras model show that the villages of Khalefeabad, Akbar abad and Zafar abad have the highest level of quality of life and the villages of Hashem abad, Sabzehkhani and Mohammad Rezaabad lowest level quality of life. Finally, a clear conclusion from the research process can be mentioned that the process of sustainable development goals to improve the quality of life is very high.
Inhabitants of the villages have more satisfaction due to access to better services and better location to the city center. Mentioned villages have better conditions interms of housing, physical environment, education, health services, communication services, transport services, financial services and credit banks, a variety of infrastructure such as electricity and drinking water, and cultural services. As a result, sense of place and hope for the future and optimism for the provision of a good life in the future as well as the progress and happiness of people living in the rural areas are higher compared to other villages. But in the front Table 11 shows the village of Hashem Abad, SabzehKhani and Mohammad. The satisfaction level of employment and income in rural areas is low and the hope for the future to provide a good life is very rare. Thus, many young people want to emigrate and to leave their villages and this leads to imbalance of population in the rural areas.