طراحی کمپ‌های تفریحی- گردشگری (مطالعة موردی: سیلوانا)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکدة معماری، دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناس ارشد معماری، پردیس بین‌المللی کیش، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از ارائة این مقاله، بررسی، طراحی و ایجاد کمپ تفریحی- گردشگری در سیلوانا در غرب ارومیه است. روش پژوهش، توصیفی- تحلیلی است و گردآوری اطلاعات از طریق منابع و بررسی‌های میدانی انجام شده است. کمپ‌ها استراحتگاه‌هایی هستند که در مسیرها یا در مناطق دیدنی و خوش‌آب‌وهوا و به‌عنوان یک سایت تفریحی- گردشگری و ارائة خدمات به مسافران احداث می‌شوند و کاربری‌ها و فضاهای متعددی دارند. استان آذربایجان غربی، به‌ویژه ارومیه و ناحیة کردنشین سیلوانا به‌لحاظ طبیعی، منطقه‌ای ویژه و منحصربه‌فرد است. در نزدیکی شهر سیلوانا، فضایی وسیع و مشرف به رودخانه و در کنار سد سیلوانا، اراضی بسیار وسیعی وجود دارد که در روزهای تعطیل، هزاران گردشگر و مسافر را برای گردشگری و اقامت موقت و گذران اوقات فراغت به سوی خود جذب می‌کند. مکان‌یابی کمپینگ براساس ویژگی‌های طبیعی، تاریخی، مذهبی، ورزشی و... صورت می‌گیرد. در اطراف سد رودشهر چای، هیچ‌گونه استراحتگاه، فضای تفریحی و امکانات و خدمات وجود ندارد؛ بنابراین، وجود یک کمپ تفریحی- گردشگری و ورزشی بسیار ضروری است. در این مقاله، پس از بررسی مبانی نظری، تحلیل اقلیم و بررسی سایت، برنامه‌ریزی فیزیکی و طراحی کمپ انجام شده است. محدوده، جزء اقلیم‌های سرد و کوهستانی است و برای تفریح‌های زمستانه و تابستانه بسیار مناسب است. سایت کمپ، به سمت دریاچه، سد و به‌طور کلی به توپوگرافی زیبا دید دارد و به ارومیه و غرب کشور نیز دسترسی دارد. در برنامه‌ریزی فیزیکی این سایت، پارکینگ، رستوران، فضاهای تجاری، فضاهای فرهنگی، ورزشی و تفریحی مانند نمازخانه، شهر بازی، پیست اسب‌سواری، پینت‌بال، زمین گلف، زمین تنیس، زمین بسکتبال، استخر سرپوشیده، استخر سرباز، فضای سبز، زمین بازی کودکان، موزة حیات وحش، کمپ و واحد‌های مسکونی، واحد درمانی، نگهبانی، فضای پذیرش و اطلاعات، آتش‌نشانی، ایستگاه تاکسی، ساختمان اداری و سالن بولینگ، زمین فوتبال، جایگاه اسکی، جایگاه ماهیگیری، محدوده‌های استقرار چادر و آلاچیق، حمام و سرویس‌های بهداشتی، سالن اجتماعات، داروخانه و... در نظر گرفته شده است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing of recreational and tourism Camps: case study, Silvana

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Mazaheriyan 1
  • Reza Ziyari 2
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Introduction
The landscape of Iran is diverse and because of ecological diversity it attracts many tourists . Iran has a good capacity to provide entertainment for tourists . In west Azarbaïdjan, especially one of the natural , beautiful and unique place, Silvana , natural places , Chai River and hills gives a unique view to this area. as a result of highland ecology and cold weather tourists from different places such as city , out of city and country during different seasons have been attracted to this area. Due to the location and its natural places you can travel over snow on skis and go fishing . During winter and fall you can benefit from beautiful nature, features of a region , sport and entertainment .If you consider development in this area , tourism Spaces, resort, tents, some types of camps such as public - recreation, hiking, conferences, sports, science, special accommodation and activities…….
Research method
This paper is based on instructional-progressive and its methodology is investigative- descriptive. The research range is about Silvana region it’s located on 40 kilometers out of Orumiye . We have investigated some of the factors such as different types of camps, recreational camps, tourism camps and designing recreational camps. Data collection centered on the use of literature collected, documents, different sites, statistics and some organizations which located in orumiye . 50 experts from Orumiye city have been cooperated in this research. After providing and organizing information of ecology, environmental, social, economic, physical, infrastructural, Tourism topics and different types of camps, planning and designing of recreational-tourist camps around the Silvana dam have been identified.
Results and Discussion
By the theoretical studies around the Silvana and using Questionnaire of 50 experts of west Azerbaijan randomly Silvana ‘s site has been analyzed.
This town has great rate in plane and valley, temperature, location, good access to transport by boat or ride a bicycle easily and suitable place for living. This town has a Medium rate in Motel, Villa, playing ground and it has a poor rate in Hotel. The site has a direct access to the water and land. You can have access to the water by boat from east to the west. This site constructed by the structure of main road network and consists of main loop which joined to the town entrance . this loop located on south – east part of the town and a boulevard on south- north in the center of the town used for giving services , in addition to the linked road , east-west boulevard located in the the site for easy access to the visitors.
Conclusion
This article has addressed the ecology, physical planning, Site and designing.
This area has highland ecology and has good potential in winter and summer recreation, beautiful topography , easy access to the Orumiye and to the west part of the country . In physical planning Parking, restaurant, supermarket, and commercial spaces, cultural spaces, chapel, amusement park, horse riding track , paintball, and golf courses, Tennis court, basketball court, indoor pool, outdoor pool, green area, children's playground, museum and zoo camps and residential units, treatment units, security, reception and information area, fire station, taxi station, office building and bowling , soccer field, the place for skiing, fishing location, range of Pergola tents, shower and toilet, hall, pharmacy are predicted.
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana
Keywords: camping, site analysis, physical planning, camp design, Silvana

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • camping
  • site analysis
  • physical planning
  • camp design
  • Silvana
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