تحلیلی بر ساختار فضایی شهرهای استان بوشهر در راستای تدوین برنامه ریزی راهبردی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه ارومیه، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

بسیاری از شهرهای بزرگ جهان در محیط‌های ساحلی واقع شده‌اند و همة این شهرها موقعیت‌های مهمی در اقتصاد، فرهنگ و کارکردهای اجتماعی دارند. با چنین شرایطی، توسعة این شهرها به سرمایه‌گذاری گستردة سهامداران و ذی‌نفعان منجر می‌شود و به‌این‌ترتیب ساختار فضایی سایر شهرهای غیرساحلی منطقه از این توسعه تأثیر می‌پذیرند. هدف از این پژوهش، تحلیلی بر ساختار فضایی شهرهای ساحلی و غیرساحلی در راستای تدوین برنامه‌ریزی راهبردی شهرهای استان بوشهر است. نوع پژوهش کاربردی و روش بررسی آن توصیفی- تحلیلی است. جامعة آماری مورد مطالعه در این تحقیق 31 نقطة شهری ساحلی و غیرساحلی استان بوشهر در سال 1390 است. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات در این تحقیق از روش کتابخانه‌ای (اسنادی) استفاده شده است. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از مدل‌های برنامه‌ریزی شهری و منطقه‌ای (رتبه– اندازة شهری، نخست شهری، ضریب کشش‌پذیری و مدل برنامه‌ریزی راهبردی SWOT) و به‌منظور بررسی ارتباط بین متغیرهای مستقل و وابسته و تجزیه و تحلیل استنباطی داده‌ها از آزمون‌های آمار استنباطی و مدل‌های پیشرفتة آماری مانند ضریب رگرسیون چندمتغیره، تحلیل واریانس، برازش رگرسیون و آزمون T-text استفاده شده است. یافته‌های تحلیلی استفاده از مدل رگرسیونی چندگانة توأم نشان می‌دهد شهرهای ساحلی که میدان‌های نفتی و گازی عظیمی دارند، سطح توسعة فضایی بسیار بالاتری نیز دارند؛ به‌طوری‌که به ازای یک واحد تغییر در اثر انحراف معیار کارکرد اقتصادی ساحل 814/0 واحد تغییر در ساختار فضایی شهرهای ساحلی ایجاد می‌شود. همچنین، نتایج ضریب اسپیرمن برابر با 865/0 است که این مقدار نشان می‌دهد ارتباط خیلی مثبت و قوی بین توزیع جمعیت و رشد و توسعة کارکردهای اقتصادی، فرهنگی، زیربنایی و حمل‌ونقل بین شهرهای ساحلی و غیرساحلی استان بوشهر وجود دارد. درنهایت، با مقایسة شهرهای ساحلی و غیرساحلی به لحاظ شاخص‌های مختلف مورد مطالعه براساس آزمون T-test می‌توان گفت از آنجاکه میانگین شهرهای ساحلی در شاخص‌های اقتصادی، بهداشتی- درمانی و زیربنایی و حمل‌ونقل بیشتر است، توسعة ساختار فضایی شهرهای ساحلی بیشتر از شهرهای غیرساحلی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis on spatial structure of the cities of Bushehr Province for codification strategic planning

نویسندگان [English]

  • Esehagh Jalalian 1
  • Mir Najaf Mousavi 2
  • Ali Bagheri Kashkouli 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Payam Noor University, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
3 Ph.D. Candidate in Geography, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Today, large number of world’s major cities is located in coastal environments. These towns have important positions in the economic, cultural and social functions. Coastal areas and the cities in the areas are economically very important in terms of the environment, hazards, and security.  Development of the cities leads to massive investments by shareholders and stakeholders. Other non-coastal cities are also affected by this development. The participation of a wide range of stakeholders and interested investors can be improved in such cities. With this growth process, complex needs are favorable in physical, social, and economic dimensions in these cities. Today, coastal cities are considered to be as a vital source of income for the national economy. These resources are also essential to strengthen their economies of the coastal cities. The dynamics of these cities are largely determined by the axes of development and exploitation of economic activity and tourism. The purpose of this research is to explore and identify and analyze the spatial structure of the coastal and non-coastal cities in Bushehr Province.
 
Methodology
This is an applied research with descriptive and analytic methods. Statistical population in this research is 31 points of coastal and Non-Coastal cities in Bushehr Province in 2011. To collect information, this research used study in libraries (Documents). To analyze the data, the spatial structure of coastal and Non-Coastal cities is used in urban and regional planning models. To investigate relationship between the independent and dependent variables and inferential analysis of data, we used advanced dedicational and statistical models, the coefficient of correlation, regression; T-Test, ANOVA and multivariate analysis.  
Results and Discussion
The results of the studies show that the process of urban growth in coastal cities has increased during 1986 to 2006 of about 17.3 percent. The main reason for this is an increasing number of coastal cities and the growing trend of migration to the cities of this province. Population growth in coastal cities is substantially higher than non-coastal cities. Reviews of process rate of population growth in coastal cities in 1986- 2011 indicate a sharp growth rate. However, this is also true for non-coastal cities and total population of the cities of the province.
 
Conclusion
Analytical findings by simultaneous multiple regression models show that coastal cities have huge oil and gas fields with a much higher level of spatial development. The standard deviation of economic function is equal to 0.814 in spatial structure of coastal cities. The results obtained by Spearman coefficient is equal to 0.865 and this value reflects the fact that there is a very strong positive correlation between the distribution of population and growth and development of economic, cultural, transportation and infrastructure functions between coastal and Non-Coastal cities in Bushehr Province. Finally, a comparison between the coastal and Non-coastal cities is carried out by T-test. Development of space structure in coastal cities is more than that of Non-Coastal cities. Accordingly, in development of the coastal cities, we should use all economic capacity. In other words, we can say that sustainable economic development of the coastal cities in Bushehr is benefitted from oil and gas resources and from the business and job service. Nevertheless, based on the research findings to develop desirable coastal and non-coastal areas, there are some suggestions: welfare infrastructure, socio-economic improvement in urban centers, promotion of health level, education in small cities, development of balance and equal access to services in major cities such as Bushehr, Borazjan, Dylam, Kangan, Ganaveh and Jam. development of tourism can be effective for the area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bushehr Province
  • Coastal and non-coastal cities
  • Spatial structure
  • Strategic Planning
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