عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Neighborhood as a constituent element and smallest part of social and spatial of city and link citizens, it can also at least strengthen social capital, natural, human and economic, urban sustainable development to have at all levels. In other words, the neighborhood as a normative concept in which social obligations are formed based on shared values, and because of the relationship between humans and the environment and correct understanding and expectations commensurate with the natural and social competences, may underlie the social and ecological justice and balance in relation with sustainable development is at different levels. Since the without relying on local and national sustainable development as a primary focus of social life - ever, are not allowed. So in recent years, serious attention to the sustainable development of city officials and urban planners at different levels of social, economic and cultural, tangible aspects of urban life and lower levels (neighborhood) has attracted. The attention to the importance of sustainable development neighborhood in Tehran is very important because there are a lot of problems.
Tehran, the capital and largest city of the country, until the early part of this century, according to multiple sources and organizes all elements of Persian cities with Islamic elements in the visible region was dry. But in recent decades, neighborhood structure in three steps, »centrality of the family unit neighborhood «, »Few places combine family and career« and »Neighborhood Removing« lost and the modern city and the neighborhood has become. So that today the neighborhoods 374 of Tehran, due to replacing the general social organizations rather than neighborhoods, failure to use and utilizes the power of partnerships, and community residents to manage community, great migration, fatigue and lack of municipal buildings and mismatch them with new details regarding the identities and locations of human communities, neighborhood associations and relationships within their neighborhood is lost. So that today the neighborhoods 374of Tehran, due to replacing the general social organizations rather than neighborhoods, failure to use and utilizes the power of partnerships, and community residents to manage community, great migration, fatigue and lack of municipal buildings and mismatch them with new details regarding the identities and locations of human communities, neighborhood associations and relationships within their neighborhood is lost. Since the return of the old neighborhoods of Tehran is not feasible and reasonable. So keeping in mind the need to retrieve the identity, values and meaning of the neighborhood - Iran and the role and function of the urban neighborhoods in Tehran could have, should lead to serious consideration of sustainable development places in the city. Accordingly, in this research, identify indicators of sustainable community development and Sustainable Development and evaluation of a neighborhood in the slums of Tehran and test hypotheses as 1- The study sites are located at different levels of development. 2- The social base - the residents of the neighborhoods studied economics and sustainable development of the communities there is discussed.
The aim of the present study was applied and methods descriptive - analytical. In this research, according with regard to a problem and aim of the study, the unit of analysis was selected households in the neighborhood. Then sample size was calculated using Cochran's sample of 384 families, from families living in the city of Tehran was determined. Then classify the neighborhoods of Tehran in social - economic 4 class (High, medium high, medium, low, low), a neighborhood of each category were selected using random sampling. Accordingly, the share of total population in each neighborhood to neighborhood site each sample was determined by sample size. Then required data were collected from the families sampled in a systematic way. Then, using the Kruskal-Wallis test is a test of the difference, the initial data matrix was prepared, then with Using Analytical Hierarchy Process and Vikor Method Neighborhood sustainability, the study sites were assessed. Finally using the One-way analysis of variance and Pearson Statistical tests Hypotheses were examined.
Results and discussion
The results of the analytic hierarchy process for sustainable community development indices showed that Weighted index of social justice (0.236), Safety and Security weighted index (0.208), Environmental indicators weight(0.179), Identity and vitality index weight(0.114), weighted index of the urban landscape(0.102), Weighted satisfaction index(0.097) and Participation index weight (0.064), The index of social justice and participation, Respectively the highest and lowest value, sustainable development indicators are compared to other neighborhoods.
The results of the Vikor model Showed that Niloufar neighborhoods with Q=0.017 and neighborhood Valiasr shomali with Q=1.000 , respectively the best and worst of neighborhood sustainability indicators are and Ashtiani's and Imamiye neighborhoods with stability 0.160 and 0.613 ranked second and third in the neighborhood are sustainability.
The overall results of the study suggest different levels of sustainability in the communities studied, and the reason may be lack of municipal subdivisions in the neighborhood and ends with the establishment of the municipality in the area, clutter neighborhoods studied historical identity in the process of urban development and et al noted.
To increase the level of success in achieving sustainable development, neighborhood localities studied following suggestions are offered.
Principal or district administrators and trustees elected from among the residents of the neighborhood;
Open green spaces and open and moderation in the housing of the prospect, air, noise and light;
Spatial and social structure of right and moderation in the economic and social groups;
According to the Environmental Planning and preserve environmental values in the neighborhood and the reduction of noise and air pollution expand the scope of public health and the environment;
Increase social security in addition to the neighborhood police station by a guard and encourage a sense of community responsibility and local people, especially for women and children.