عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, good urban governance is considered as the most efficient and least costly solution for urban management. The rapid development of urbanization in Iran and the wide acceptance of people-oriented urban managements involve public participation and good urban governance. The urban proportion increased from 32 percent to 71 percent in 1956-2011. It is likely that the efficient management of the cities in the coming years is a major concern in the national management system. In general, one of the new phenomena in in recent decades and in the twentieth century is the process of urbanization and excessive increase in population and physical development. The urban environment with a complex, dynamic and diverse needs requires substantial management capacity for providing urban governance. A model of good governance is currently the most effective, least costly and most sustainable management solution. The objective of this study is to introduce urban good governance approach to measure and evaluate indicators of urban good governance in Ferdowsieh City. This study is to measure and assess the variables of governance at the local level and offer solutions for the following questions:
What connections made between indicators of urban good governance are related to Ferdowsieh?
Which indicators of urban good governance had the most influence in neighborhoods of Ferdowsieh?
Based on the methodology of this research, two common methods have been selected; the library and field survey. We have used the method to develop a theoretical framework to analyze previous studies on the relationship between social capital and social justice. After evaluation, we have reviewed relevant theories and knowledge of the current state of society, indicators and variables. The instruments used in this study, are questionnaire data using the whole five-item Likert. To ensure the validity of the questionnaire, the preliminary questionnaire was prepared to be filled by relevant experts. The reforms necessary to evaluate the reliability during a pilot study (pilot test) was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. In this study, we have applied t-test, correlation, regression and ANOVA.
Results and discussion
According to the one-sample t test in neighborhoods, urban good governance indices are: Level of participation, equality, effectiveness, responsiveness and security at a level lower than the average in urban neighborhoods. According to the analysis of variance compared with the average social capital and social justice in the neighborhood, the results have indicated that the neighborhood of Abbas Abad, Abd Abad, Khave, Ferdous and Mahmoudabad have the highest rate of urban good governance. The Pearson correlation coefficient test results show the indicators of urban good governance. In the Ferdowsieh urban neighborhoods, there is a significant positive relationship (0/000 = P-Value) and the hypothesis is confirmed. According to t-test, the effect of participation, equality, effectiveness, accountability and good governance of urban security on the dependent variables showed the greatest impact on urban good governance and the least citizen participation in neighborhoods Ferdowsieh.
Urban governance and urban management can be affected by citizen participation and their trust to urban managers. Citizen participation in decision-making is important for the management of neighborhood to achieve urban governance. In other words, good governance and urban social behavior patterns are affecting citizens. According to the literature reviews, majority of these studies have addressed the role of partnerships in urban good governance. It can be concluded that the participation of the indicators can lead to good governance. According to the results of this study, it seems that urban governance can be viewed as a mediator to improve management performance at the local level.