عنوان مقاله [English]
Quality of life is better living conditions in which balance, coordination, desirability and equality has become institutionalized. The fields required for life are health, safety, comfort, peace, joy, creativity and beauty. This is resulted from the fact that the indices of quality of life are ranged from feeding and clothing to health care and social environment in the physical environment. The main purpose of this research is to analyze the indicators of the quality of life in rural centers in Tropical Village Bahmaei city. Quality of life is a complicated word in relation to living conditions and demographic situation. Quality of life has some aspects of objective and subjective indicators such as satisfaction, happy and security in the cover and in some cases, it is also called social satisfaction. This research is aimed to identify quality of life measures in the social, cultural, physical, and economic environment in rural villages in the southern city Bahmaei, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer.
The study was descriptive survey that selected 8 villages of more than 60 households after studying the documents.. We distributed 243 questionnaires (using the Cochran) systematically among heads of households. After collecting information, we made a sorting of the statistical processing (descriptive and inferential analysis) in SPSS and GIS. In the survey questionnaire, interview and observation data required for the study were collected. In the field survey, 243 questionnaires were systematically distributed among the heads of households. The questionnaire contains 44 questions in the economic, social, cultural, physical and environmental design and the heads of households were asked to questions in the five-item Likert (very poor, poor, average, good and very good). The satisfaction level is measured by the factors affecting the quality of life in 4 cultural-social, physical, environmental and economic variables including 8 domain (44 items) related to quality of life. Questionnaire construction, validity of the consultants and supervisors was conducted to determine the reliability of the results of Cronbach's alpha. Using the analysis, 8 villages of more than 60 households were selected. The encoded data is then transferred to SPSS software. To assess and compare the current situation with the ideal state, we employed Wilcoxon test and defined the data in the GIS software for geometric topology mapping.
Results and discussion
In the statements of the quality of education have more positive effects than negative ones. The quality of leisure items shows more negative ratings than positive ratings. In the statements of more negative ratings than positive ratings are residential environment. In statements, the quality of home lightening and heat supply, proper cooling of housing, have more positive impacts. In the statements of infrastructure more negative ratings are observed. To avoid waste and pollution of water resources and prevent degradation and soil erosion, we can see more positive impacts.
By examining the different aspects of quality of life, the results measured social and cultural conditions. Interaction and participation of villagers in the district has its roots in indigenous cultures. Urban renewal was dominated by the residents of the district's attachment to work, social interaction and solidarity. The efforts of the authorities in better services especially in the areas of education, health, and security are in addition to the villagers. The economic weakness of villagers in the village show social destruction in the village. In the physical residential environment, component analysis results indicated a major part of biomarkers is weak and unsatisfactory. On the economic index, financial and economic conditions are very poor in rural areas.