تحلیل تاثیر مبلمان روستایی در افزایش کیفیت محیط کالبدی (مطالعه موردی: دهستان زوارم شیروان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیات علمی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، محصل

3 دانشگاه فردوسی-دکتری

چکیده

روستا کالبد زندگی است که روح پرهیاهوی انسان‌‌ها و طبیعت در آن دمیده می‌شود و فضایی به همراه مبلمان زیبا، آذین این کالبد است. مبلمان روستایی مناسب و کارآمد نه تنها موجب ارتقاء کیفیت محیط روستایی می‌شود و تاثیر مطلوبی بر ذهن افراد می‌گذارد، بلکه سبب پایدار‌سازی سکونتگاههای روستایی شود. لذا هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی وضعیت مبلمان روستایی و اثرات آن در افزایش کیفیت محیط کالبدی در سکونتگاههای روستایی شهرستان شیروان است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی بوده که از طریق گردآوری اطلاعات کتابخانه‌ای و میدانی صورت پذیرفته است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی خانوار روستایی دهستان زوارم شهرستان شیروان است که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران تعداد 258 خانوار با سطح خطای 0.06 به روش تصادفی ساده به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند ابزار اصلی پژوهش پرسشنامه‌ای می‌باشد که روایی آن توسط پانل تخصصی و پایایی آن نیز با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شده است. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها نیز با استفاده از SPSS صورت گرفته است. یافته‌های پژوهش بر اساس آزمون خی دو نشان می‌دهد که در میان ابعاد کیفیت محیط کالبدی روستایی، ابعاد معنایی- ادراکی و در میان مبلمان‌های روستایی، مبلمان زیرساختی در افزایش کیفیت محیط کالبدی بیشتر اثرگذار بوده است. همچنین نتایج حاصل از همبستگی اسپیرمن و رگرسیون خطی ساده نشان داد ارتباط و اثرگذاری معنادار و قوی میان مبلمان روستایی و کیفیت محیط کالبدی به شکل مستقیم وجود دارد. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نیز نشان داد که مبلمان زیرسا ختی با ضریب (0.607) بیشترین تاثیر کلی را در افزایش کیفیت محیط کالبدی داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis the Effects of Rural Furniture on Improving the Quality of the Physical Environment (Case Study: Zoeram Dehestan, Shirvan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamdallah sojasi qeidari 1
  • soraya azizi 2
  • Hamid Shayan 3
2 university.t student
3 ferdowsi
چکیده [English]

For many decades’ public places as living spaces have been considered important in planning and designing human physical settlements which also include rural living areas. If our major goals of rural planning are people’s health, relaxation and beauty of environments, thus achieving these main objectives require accuracy, patience, and correct planning of rural Furniture. However, during recent years’ inappropriate development, the increasing growth of cities, huge amount of migration from villages into big cities without any prior infra structural preparations had various negative outcomes on different areas of the country. organizing rural areas and arranging their public applications including rural Furniture would be a suitable appropriate strategy resulting in better quality of physical environments and satisfying various rural needs such as people’s security, physical, psychological and mental health issues to improve the attractiveness of rural places and villages.In the present study we have tried to analyze the effects of rural elements, equipments and Furniture in improving the quality of physical environment.
Research questions are as follows:
1. How much is rural Furniture effective in providing a better physical environment?
2. Is there a relationship between rural Furniture and the increase in applicational–operational, conceptual–semantic, formic–aesthetic and environmental quality of villages?
Methodology:
The purpose and the type of this research is applied and descriptive-analytical in nature and methodology. It is done through field study and using a questionnaire. We used a simple, random sampling approach with 237 rural families which accounted for error level of 0.06 using a Chokran formula. Ultimately by maximizing samples in less populated villages to an appropriate level, the statistical population came to 258 rural families. They were interviewed
and asked to fill the questionnaire.
We used both analytical and inferring methods to analyze the data. To make the study operational, we designed the research variables in a 39 indexes with 4 dimensions about physical environment. In all 4 dimensions, we applied Lickert Scale Format for each question. Validity of indexes was confirmed by a specific academic panel. Using α-Chroback coefficient, we got 0.89 for reliability which shows high applicability of the questionnaire. After gathering the data, we analyzed it using Chi square test, correlation and sequential regression models.
Findings and Discussion:
Analyzing the data including referential statistics resulted from Chi Square Test showed an average satisfaction of villagers for Furniture (2.56) and proved that only communicative Furniture among all various components is lower than the hypothetical average.
So we can conclude that rural Furniture is suitable. We can also find that among 4 variables, the average vote of participants for effectiveness of rural facilities in physical environment is high regarding the hypothetical average (2.5) showing that the least impact of rural Furniture is for applicational–operational dimension. It is meaningful in the level of 0.05 and is positive regarding different components of numerical desirability of the test.
The results of Spearman coefficient show a meaningful relationship between rural Furniture and 4 dimensions of quality of physical environment. So the applicational-operational dimension and Formic-aesthetic dimension show VERY STRONG and STRONG correlation coefficients. Results from simple linear regression model show a relationship between independent variable (rural Furniture) and 4 dimensions of physical environment (sig=0.000) which is lower than 0.005 and is meaningful.
Rural facilities and Furniture has a meaningful influence on improving the quality of physical environment in applicational-operational, conceptual-semantic, formic-aesthetic, and environmental dimensions. Regarding standardized β, we can infer that rural Furniture is effective on 4 dimensions of environment more than %80.
Analyzing comprehensive results of route analysis, we acknowledge that infrastructural Furniture had the highest impact on quality of physical environment and actually was the most important factor in it.
Results:
The results obtained show that regarding standardized β, rural Furniture has the most impressive effect on environmental dimension first and then on applicational-operational, conceptual-semantic and finally on formic-aesthetic dimensions. So we can conclude that rural Furniture influences the increasing quality of physical environment, so that among all rural facilities and Furniture, the most important factor on quality of physical environment is infrastructural facilities.
Thus appropriate planning for other Furniture to have more effects on physical environment is necessary. In the end, we propose performing social studies regarding rural needs, interests, and behavioral patterns of various people in villages including the youth, the old, the healthy, and the handicapped in designing and applying rural Furniture in order to improve the quality of physical environment.
For many decades’ public places as living spaces have been considered important in planning and designing human physical settlements which also include rural living areas. If our major goals of rural planning are people’s health, relaxation and beauty of environments, thus achieving these main objectives require accuracy, patience, and correct planning of rural Furniture. However, during recent years’ inappropriate development, the increasing growth of cities, huge amount of migration from villages into big cities without any prior infra structural preparations had various negative outcomes on different areas of the country. organizing rural areas and arranging their public applications including rural Furniture would be a suitable appropriate strategy resulting in better quality of physical environments and satisfying various rural needs such as people’s security, physical, psychological and mental health issues to improve the attractiveness of rural places and villages.In the present study we have tried to analyze the effects of rural elements, equipments and Furniture in improving the quality of physical environment.
Research questions are as follows:
1. How much is rural Furniture effective in providing a better physical environment?
2. Is there a relationship between rural Furniture and the increase in applicational–operational, conceptual–semantic, formic–aesthetic and environmental quality of villages?
Methodology:
The purpose and the type of this research is applied and descriptive-analytical in nature and methodology. It is done through field study and using a questionnaire. We used a simple, random sampling approach with 237 rural families which accounted for error level of 0.06 using a Chokran formula. Ultimately by maximizing samples in less populated villages to an appropriate level, the statistical population came to 258 rural families. They were interviewed
and asked to fill the questionnaire.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Physical
  • Rural Furniture
  • Quality of Environment
  • Rural Development
  • Shirvan

مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده
انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 13 خرداد 1397
  • تاریخ دریافت: 08 آذر 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 10 خرداد 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 13 خرداد 1397