باززنده سازی فضاهای باز اطراف رودخانه های شهری و نقش آن در کیفیت زندگی و امنیت شهروندان (موردمطالعه: رودخانه النگدره شهر گرگان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار جغرافیای سیاسی و گردشگری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد گرمسار، گرمسار، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم منطقه ایی، دانشگاه اتوش لوراند، دانشکده علوم، بوداپست، مجارستان.

چکیده

رودخانه های شهری به عنوان یکی از عناصر طبیعی در شهرها بوده و قابلیت هر شهر برای ایجاد فضاهای پر جنب و جوش و موفق نظیر پارک های شهری در نظر گرفته می شوند. امروزه از رودخانه ها به عنوان یک ظرفیت بالا برای توسعه و برنامه ریزی شهری استفاده می شود، همچنین رودخانه ها بر ایجاد فرصت‌های تفریحی نظیر پارک ها، مدیریت شهری را دررسیدن به ایجاد امنیت بیشتر در فضاهای غیرقابل‌دفاع نزدیک می‌کند که شکل گیری پارک ملت در کنار رودخانه النگدره در شهر گرگان یکی از این نمونه ها می باشد. در همین راستا، مقاله حاضر با هدف ارزیابی متغیرها و شاخص‌های امنیت و کیفیت زندگی شهروندان در اطراف رودخانه النگدره در کنار پارک ملت شهر گرگان صورت گرفته است. این پژوهش از نظر روش توصیفی-تحلیلی و نوع آن کاربردی است. جمع آوری اطلاعات از طریق توزیع پرسشنامه در میان 384 نفر بعنوان حجم نمونه، انجام شده و با استفاده از آزمون‌های آماری T تک نمونه‌ای به تجزیه و تحلیل پژوهش پرداخته شد. نتایج پژوهش بیانگر آن است که میانگین کلی امنیت در پارک مورد بررسی 95/2 درصد که نزدیک به حد متوسط قرار گرفته و شاخص‌های دسترسی فیزیکی، طراحی خوانا، روشنایی، امنیت فیزیکی، احساس امنیت و آسایش محیطی در بعد آلودگی محیطی (ایمنی، بهداشتی) با میانگین‌های 41/3، 07/3، 89/2، 85/2، 83/2، 64/2، به ترتیب در وضعیت متوسط رو به پایینی قرار گرفته‌اند در پایان نیز، با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش، پیشنهاداتی جهت بهبود وضعیت کیفیت زندگی و امنیت شهروندان در اطراف منطقه مورد پژوهش ارائه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Restoration of open spaces around urban rivers and their role in the quality of life and security of citizens (Case study: Alangdareh River, Gorgan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Heydar Lotfi 1
  • Hossein Mousazadeh 2
1 Associate Professor of Political and Tourism Geography, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, Garmsar, Iran.
2 Ph. D. student, Department of Regional Science, Eotvos Lorand University, Faculty of science, Budapest, Hungary.
چکیده [English]

Restoration of open spaces around urban rivers and their role in the quality of life and security of citizens (Case study: Alangdarreh River, Gorgan)
Extended Abstract
Introduction
Natural spaces of the city are among the most valuable urban spaces that guarantee their sustainability and quality of life through its multi-functional processes. Not only do these spaces have ecological value, but their ecological design can, in addition to providing suitable tourist areas, also provide the ground for social interactions, including these natural spaces, rivers and urban areas that have been neglected by the rapid growth of cities and in recent decades an excuse to meet the basic needs of the growing population has been destroyed. Therefore, considering the diverse functions and continuous ecological and potential returns of these spaces, one of the necessities of sustainable urban management and development. Therefore, in the present study, in order to understand the best approaches of intervention to recreate, the study of the restoration project of the Alangdarreh River which has led to the construction of the Mellat Park in Gorgan has been studied.
Methodology
The present study is based on the purpose of the study, and is a descriptive-analytic study in terms of the research method. The theoretical framework is carried out using the library methodology and literature review. The data and data were collected by using a researcher-made questionnaire for field analyzes. The city of Gorgan, as the capital of the Golestan province, forms the realm of this research. The statistical population of this research includes all citizens of Gorgan city. The sample size was 300 people based on the Cochran formula and the sampling was done by simple random sampling. Classification and Valuation of Indices have been done using the Likert Five Optional Spectrum. In evaluating the validity of the questionnaire, the formal validity and experts' opinions were used and the reliability of the research tool was used as pre-test and Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.85, which indicates a suitable and acceptable reliability of the questionnaire's tool. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software using statistical methods such as single-sample T-test.

Results and discussion
To measure the security indices in the area (Mellat Park), the Alangdarreh River in Gorgan is lower than average, using single sample T test. To this aim, the indicators in 7 sections include a Survey on the General Situation of Security Indicators in the Mellat Park on the Sides of the Alangdarreh River, Security Assessment, Mellat Park on the Gulf of Alangdarreh River (readable design dimension), Assessment of the security status of the Alangdarreh River (Mellat Park) on the health safety aspect, Assessment of the security status of the Alangdarreh River (Mellat Park) on the physical access point, Assessing the security status of the Mellat park and the margin of the Alangdarreh River in lighting, Assessment of the physical security of the Alangdarreh River border, and Assessing the sense of safety of the Mellat Park on the fringe of the Alangdarreh River. The results of each section can be seen in the relevant tables. According to the final table, one-sample T-test to measure citizens' opinions about their satisfaction from the components affecting their quality of life, and the assessment of the normal distribution of responses, taking into account the previous test, and finally the test Based on the results of this parametric test, it can be stated that the importance of citizens' satisfaction as a result of their consequences on the quality of life from their point of view is very high, which shows on most of the components measured satisfactory level This category can be from the test statistic and the significance level of 99% from all Components have been.
Conclusion
The results indicate that the overall average in the boost was 2.59%, which is close to the average. Also, the status of the boosters in terms of physical access indicators, readability design, lighting, physical security, sense of security and environmental comfort - environmental pollution (safety, health) with an average of 3.41, 3.07, 2.89, 2.85, 2.283 2.64 are in the best and worst conditions, respectively. It also seems that the level of satisfaction of citizens and residents of the targeted area is very high on the factors affecting their quality of life and the performance of the authorities. So that it can be clearly stated that the citizens of the region and their level of satisfaction with the components of the various parts of the quality of life are high and directly affect the quality of life of each of them. In general, observance of the principles of security in urban park in order to prevent risks and accidents and to protect human and material resources is one of the most important and most important measures that should always be considered. The ignorance and non-observance of the safety principles in urban parks is a consequence of many accidents and damages to people and the environment. Hence, the wilderness has not been the reason for this, so that the findings of the research indicate that this park is in terms of the status of security indicators in unfavorable conditions. Therefore, it is imperative that we identify and reduce as much as possible the safety of these parks, hazards and incidents. Therefore, achieving this goal is not possible without knowing the risks and incidents and acquiring the necessary knowledge and skills on how to prevent them in urban parks.
Keywords: Restoration, Urban Rivers, Quality of Life, Security, Alangdarreh River, Gorgan City.
Keywords: Restoration, Urban Rivers, Quality of Life, Security, Alangdarreh River, Gorgan City.
Keywords: Restoration, Urban Rivers, Quality of Life, Security, Alangdarreh River, Gorgan City.
Keywords: Restoration, Urban Rivers, Quality of Life, Security, Alangdarreh River, Gorgan City.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Urban Rivers
  • quality of life
  • security
  • Alangdarreh River
  • Gorgan City

مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده
انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 01 مهر 1397
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 اردیبهشت 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 28 شهریور 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 01 مهر 1397