عنوان مقاله [English]
Analyzing the Quality of Life Indicators in Urban neighborhoods
Case Study: Koh-Banan City
Cities were quickly developed after the industrial revolution. As the population increased, various socio-economic problems also increased in the cities. these problems in return caused dangerous effects not only on environment but also on soul and body of inhabitants. In response to these problems and crisis, new concepts and procedures were suggested for future developments. Some of these concepts are: sustainable development, bio-environmental justice, new urbanism and more recently intelligent growth. Also, in recent years, serious attention to the sustainable development of city officials and urban planners at different levels of social, economic and cultural, tangible aspects of urban life and lower levels (neighborhood) has attracted. So, the attention to the importance of sustainable development neighborhood is very important. Therefore, understanding and analyzing of sustainability of cities and their inside differences including Kuh-Bānan city, is necessary for sustainable development.
After the rapid population growth in the Iranian cities, these cities have experienced great changes. The rapid growth of urbanization in recent decades and neglect of the qualitative aspects of human life have had adverse consequences on the individual and social health of cities. The concept of quality of life was provided by Remington Bauer for the concept of quality of life in the late 20th century. Quality of life is generally recognized as satisfying life, happiness and prosperity, well-being and comfort, and reflects the level of expectation of human needs. The purpose of the concept of urban quality of life is to achieve urban development, especially sustainable development, to achieve prosperity and appropriate use of facilities. Quality of life has different meanings for individuals and groups. Some have interpreted it as an area's viability, others have been interpreted as measures for the level of attractiveness, and some as general welfare, social welfare, happiness, satisfaction, etc. Kowastanza et al. (2007) define quality of life as the level of human needs in relation to the perceptions of individuals and groups of mental well-being. Das (2008) defines the quality of life as a well-being or a poor state of the people and their living environment.
So, the purpose of this study is analyzing the quality of life indicators of Kohbanan city based on a descriptive-analytical research, which has been studied social, economic, physical and environmental indicators in different districts of the city.
The present study is a descriptive-analytical case-based documentary-field study. In the main part of the study, a survey method has been used on Kohbanan city. Kohbanan city have three neighborhoods, includes: Ansar, Dameer and Taleghani neighborhoods. The sample size was determined by the Cochran method and equated to 377 households. Hence, using the appropriate allocation of the population (households) of each neighborhood, the questionnaire was distributed among households as well. In this research, we use the ANP and Fuzzy logic and T-test method. Then, based on the theoretical foundations of the research, the concept of quality of life was defined and operationalized in 4 dimensions, 8 components and 29 indicators. ArcGIS, ANP and fuzzy logic have been used to analyze the spatial distribution of quality of life in neighborhoods.
Results and Conclusion
The results of the analysis of the questionnaires and the output of the models used indicate that the Ansar neighborhood with a total area of 301021 square meters and a normal weight of 0.426 is more than other areas of Koh-Banan. This suggests that in the Ansar neighborhood quality of life is at a higher level. Consequently, citizens have been satisfied with the quality of life and their efficiency. Also, Taleghani neighborhood with an area of 133029 square meters and a normal weight of 0.339 is moderate in terms of quality of life indicators, and satisfaction in Dameer neighborhood with a coefficient of 0.233 is lower than standard, and in fact their residents have lower quality of life Who need more service and welfare. The t-test student method has also been used to analyze the influence the quality of life indicators on the Koh-Banan neighborhoods. Among the indicators used, the index of income in the economic dimension, with an average of 3.83, has been ranked first. The second is allocated to The social dimension related to the access to health facilities with average 3.23. the lowest is the satisfaction of the waste disposal system and the waste collection system with an average of 0.775 which shows the greatest impact on the quality of life. So, by strengthening the index of waste disposal systems and waste collection, we can influence to improve the quality of life in the city Kuh-Banan increase.
According to the results of the dissatisfaction of residents in the two urban neighborhoods (Ansar and Dmitry) Kuh-Banan, urban neighborhoods in terms of quality of life and their degree of satisfaction can be seen as a kind of classification and disparity, and this issue is necessary for the proper organization and satisfaction of citizens to redefine the quality of life with a fair approach from the receiving institutions.
The results showed that there is Inequality and differences between various areas of Kuh-Banan city. So, reduction of these inequalities (in social, economic, environmental and physical aspects) is necessary for actual sustainability of Boushehr city. Finally, in order to improve the quality of life in the city, it is suggested that the fair distribution of service as well as the development of health and medical facilities be in the center of planning. In this relation, we must prioritize the area and indexes that have lowest level of sustainability. Also, it is necessary to select reliable indexes for specific cities, because the assessment of sustainability is depended on selected indexes seriously.
Keywords: quality of life, Urbun neighborhoods, Kuh-Banan city,
16. Ebrahimzadeh, Isa and Ghadarmarzi, Jamil, 2015, An Analysis of the Quality of Urban Urban Housing A way to improve the quality of life of citizens, A case study: Dehgolan neighborhoods, Development Geography Journal, Vol 13, No. 40, PP. 52-108.
17. Erthia, Alireza and Mehrabani Golzar, Mohammad Reza, 2018, Urban Development Pattern Based on Natural and Valuable Elements. Case Study: Isfahan's Madiha and its Additive Value on the Neighboring Textures, Bagh-e-Nazar, Vol. 15, No. 62.
18. Amiri, F.; Ebadi, H. and Karimi, M., 2007, Location of High-Level Posts Using Geographic Information System, Khaje Nasir-Al-Din Toosi University, 1st conference on urban GIS, Faculty of Civil Engineering, PP. 52-97.
19. Hejazi, Negin; Fazel, Reza and Vahida, Fereydoon, 2015, Effect of Assaluyeh region on quality of life (with industrial growth approach), Journal of Social-Cultural Strategy, Vol. 4, No. 10, PP. 21-89..
20. Khorasani Moghaddam, Saba; Yazdanfar, Sayed Abbas and Hosseini, Sayed Bagher, 2015, An Investigation on Quality of Life Indicators Affecting the Satisfaction of Residents of Informal Settlements (Case Study: Farahzad Neighborhood Tehran-Farahzad North), Human Geography Research, Vol. 47, Issue 1, PP. 97-117.
21. Rabbani Khorasgani, Ali and Kianpour, Majid, 2007, The proposed model for measuring quality of life: a case study in Isfahan, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Vol. 15, No. 58-59, PP. 67-108.
22. Rezvani, Mohammad-Reza; Motakan, Ali-Akbar; Mansoriyan, Hossein. and Satari Mohammad-Hossein., 2009, Development of Indicators to Measure the Quality of Urban Life (Case Study: Noor Abad, Lorestan Province), Urban and Regional Studies and Research, No. 2, PP. 87-110.
23. Rahnamaye, Mohammad-Taghi; Faraji-Malaii, Amin; Hatami-Nejad, Hossein and Azimi, Azadeh, 2012, Analyzing the quality of urban life in Babolsar, Quarterly Journal of Geography and Urban-Regional Development, No. 5, PP. 49-76.
24. Shahrokhi-Sardou, Saleh and Nouripoor, Mehdi, 2015, Study of status of quality of life indicators in districts of Jiroft city, Quarterly Journal of Rural Space and Rural Development, The Year 4, Issue 2, PP. 31-89.
25. Shamaee, Ali and Shahsavar, Amin, 2017, Assessing the quality of life in new cities (Case study: New Town of Parand), Geography Journal of Territory, Vol. 14, No. 54. PP. 1-15.
26. Qaed Rahmati, Safar and Jamshidi, Sedigheh, 2015, Evaluation of the relationship between objective and subjective indicators of quality of life in the integrated villages in the city. Case study: Kheyrabad and Eishabad neighborhoods of Yazd city, Quarterly journal of human geography, Vol. 47, Issue 1, PP. 1-22.
27. Ghadiri-Masoomsh, Mojtaba; Rezvani, Mohammad Reza and Hajilou, Mehdi, 2015, Evaluation of industrial settlements on the quality of life of rural areas around the periphery, case study: Sharif industrial city, Abhar city, Quarterly journal of human geography, Vol. 47, Issue 2.
28. Lotfi, Sedigheh, 2009, The Concept of Urban Quality of Life: Definitions, Dimensions and Measurements in Urban Planning, Quarterly Journal of Human Geography, Vol. 1, No. 4, PP. 52-98.
29. Statistical Center of Iran, 2017, Statistical yearbook of Kuhbnan.
30. Naderinejad, Reyhaneh; Ghaffari, Gholamreza and Momeni, Farshad, 2018, Oil, Quality of Life and Development in Iran, 1350- 1350, Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 27, No. 80.
31. Biagia, B.; Gabriela Ladub, M. and Meleddub, M., 2018, Urban Quality of Life and Capabilities: An Experimental Study, Ecological Economics, No.150, PP. 137-152.
32. Costanza, R.; Fisher, B.; Ali, S.; Beer, C.; Bond, L.; Boumans, R.; Danigelis, N.L.; Dickinson, J.; Elliott, C.; Farley, J.; Gayer, D.E.; MacDonald Glenn, L.; Hudspeth, T.; Mahoney, D.; McCahill, L.; McIntosh, B.; Reed, B.; Rizvi, S.A.T.; Rizzo, D.M.; Simpatico, T. and Snapp, R., 2007, Quality of life: an approach integrating opportunities, human needs, and subjective well-being. Ecol. Econ., No. 61, PP. 267-276.
33. Das, D., 2008, Urban Quality of Life: A Case Study of Guwahati, Soc Indic Res, Vol. 88, PP. 297-310.
34. Discoli, C.; Martini, I.; Juan, G.; Barbero, D.; Dicroce, L.; Ferreyro, C.; and Esparza, J., 2013, Methodology aimed at evaluating urban life quality levels, Sustainable Cities and Society, No. 10, PP. 140-148.
35. Dissart. J. and Deller, S., 2000, Quality of Life in the Planning Literature, Journal of Planning Literature, No.15, PP. 135-161.
36. Diener, E., 1997, A value based index for measuring national quality of life, Social Indicators Research, No. 36, PP. 107-127.
37. Foo, T.S., 2000, Subjective assessment of urban quality of life in Singapore (1997-1998), Habitat International, Vol. 24, No. 1, PP. 31-49.
38. Gondos, Borbála, 2014, Relationship between tourism and quality of life- researches at Lake Balaton, Management, Knowledge and Learning Conferences International, 25-27 June 2014, Portorož, Slovenia.
39. Kamp, I.; Leidelmeijer, K.; Marsman, G. and Hollander, A., 2003, Urban Environmental Quality and Human Well-Being towards a Conceptual Framework and Demarcation of Concepts, a literature study, Landscape and Urban planning, Vol. 65, PP. 5-18.
40. Keles, R., 2012, The Quality of Life and the Environment, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 35, PP. 23-32.
41. Lee, Y. J., 2008, Subjective Quality of Life Measurement in Taipei, Building and Environment, Vol. 43, No. 7, PP. 1205-1215.
42. Liu, Ben-Chieh, 1976, Quality of life indicators in U.S. metropolitan areas: A statistical analysis, New York, Praeger.
43. Massam, B.H., 2002, Quality of life: Public planning and private living, Progress in Planning, No. 58, PP. 141-227.
44. Orrell, Lison; Mckee, kevin; Torrington, Judith; Sarah, Barnes; Darton, Robin; Netten, Ann and Lewis, Alan, 2013, The relationship between building design and residents quality of life in extra care housing schemes, Health & place, Vol. 21, PP. 52-64.
45. Pacione, M., 2003, Urban environmental quality and human wellbeing a social geographical perspective, Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 65, No. 1-2, PP. 19-30.
46. Rossouw, Stephanie and Pacheco, Gail, 2012, Measuring Non-Economic Quality of Life on a Sub-National Level: A Case Study of New Zealand, Journal of Happiness Studies, No. 13, PP. 439-454.
47. Roșu, L.; Corodescu, E. and Blăgeanu, A., 2015, Does geographical location matter? Assessing spatial patterns in perceived quality of life in European cities. Eur. J. Geogr, Vol. 6, No. 2, PP. 15-34.
48. Sands, Gary, 2015, Measuring the prosperity of cities, Habitat International, No. 45, PP. 1-2.
49. Santos, LD. and Martins, I., 2007, Monitoring Urban Quality of Life: The Porto Experience, Social Indicators Research, No. 80, PP. 411-425.
50. Sigit, Y. and Dwiananto, Arifwidodo, 2012, Exploring the effect of compact development policy to urban quality of life in Bandung, Indonesia, City, Culture and Society, Vol. 3, Issue 4, PP. 303-311.
51. Sirgy, M.J. and Cornwell, T., 2002, How neighborhood features affect quality of life. Soc.Indic. Res., No. 59, PP. 79-114.
52. Tokarchuk, Oksan; Maurrer, Oswin and Bosnjak, Michael, 2015, Tourism Experience at Destination and Quality of life Enhancement: a Case for Comprehensive Congruity Model, World Tourism Organization, septamber 10, PP. 599-613.
53. Türksever, A.; Nilay, Evcil and Gündüz, Atalik., 2001, Possibilities and Limitations for the Measurement of the Quality of Life in Urban Areas, Social Indicators Research, Vol. 53, No. 2, PP. 163-187.
54. Ulengin, B.; Ulengin, F. and Guvenc, U., 2001, A multidimensional approach to urban quality of life: The case of Istanbul, European journal of operational research, Vol. 130, No. 2, PP. 361-374.
55. Yigitcanlar, T.; Dur, F. and Dizdaroglu, D., 2015, Towards prosperous sustainable cities: A multiscalar urban sustainability assessment approach, Habitat International, Vol. 45, PP. 36-46.