سنجش و ارزیابی بعد عینی زیست پذیری شهری در مناطق دهگانۀ کلانشهر تبریز

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ‏ریزی شهری، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ‏ریزی شهری، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‏ ریزی شهری، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

قابلیتِ زندگی شهری به‏عنوان استاندارد سلامت، راحتی،و شادی است که به‏تازگی دغدغۀ اصلی در جغرافیا و سیاست شهری است. بنابراین، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی زیست‏پذیری محیط‏های شهری تبریز از لحاظ میزان برخورداری از شاخص‏های زیست‏پذیری گام به عرصۀ تحقیق نهاده است. این تحقیق به لحاظ ماهیت از نوع کاربردی، به حیث روش توصیفی-تحلیلی، و ابزار سنجش پرسش‏نامه بوده است. جامعة آماری در این پژوهش متخصصان و مدیران شهری در دسترس آشنای کامل با وضعیت هرمنطقه است که تعداد آن‏ها برابر با 140 نفر است. بر اساس جدول مورگان، 104نفر از این افراد با استفاده از روش نمونه‏گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شده‏اند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات و رتبه‏بندی نهایی شاخص‏ها از آزمون‏هایt  تک‏نمونه‏ای و کروسکال والیس بهره گرفته شده است. نتایج نشان می‏دهد به‏طور کلی زیست‏پذیری شهر تبریز از حد متوسط پایین‏تر بوده است که مناطق 5 و2 به‏ترتیب با میانگین رتبه‏ای10/71 و 33/69 زیست‏پذیرترین و منطقۀ ‏7 با میانگین رتبه‏ای10/10 در رتبةآخر زیست‏پذیری در بین مناطق دهگانه‏ قرار گرفته است. همچنین، از نظر شاخص‏های خدمات و زیرساخت‏های شهری، محیط شهری، اقتصاد شهری، مدیریت شهری، تاریخ شهری، و اجتماع شهری به‏ترتیب مناطق 2، 6، 2، 5، 8، و 5 در اولویت اول رتبه‏بندی قرارگرفته‏اند.با توجه به نتایج آزمون کروسکال والیس، در سطح معنی‏داری 99 درصد مشخص شد بین مناطق دهگانۀ‏ شهر تبریز از لحاظ مطلوبیت شاخص‏های زیست‏پذیری تفاوت معناداری وجود داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment and evaluation of the objective indicators of urban livability in district of Tabriz metropolitan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Asiabanipour 1
  • Ali panahi 2
  • Hassan Ahmadzadeh 3
1 Ph.D. student of geography and urban planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Introduction
Urban life capability as a health standard is snatching called comfort and happiness which has recently been the main concern in geography and urban politics. The word livable cities for the first time in 1970 by the national Arts organization in order to achieve their urban ideas and looking for it by other centers and research organizations such as the environmental protection organizations that has done extensive studies regarding the most of American cities was gone. Following the influence of this word in the literature related to this field can be searched in 1975 and the writings of William Marlins on the fields of livable in Saturday Review and Christian Science Monitor magazines. The concept of capabilities has recently been the main concern of geography and urban politics. In recent years research and development has attracted a lot of attention in livable cities. In the meantime, the cities have faced many challenges in economic, social and environmental issues to day.
Tabriz is one of the Iran's oldest cities. Considering the rich historical, economic, cultural, health and industrial backgrounds of Tabriz city, that the city become the first in different areas. To day not only this way the current study aims to assess the environmental sustainability of Tabriz urban environments. It seems that there is a significant difference between the ten regions in terms of livability. Indicators based on this research, we intend to answer this question which is in terms of the livability of ten regions of Tabriz city in different dimensions?
Methodology
This research, is an applied and descriptive-analytical method and the measurement tool was a questionnaire. The instrument was a questionnaire the statistical population in this research are the experts and urban managers with complete familiarity with the situation of each region, has a number of 140 people. According to the volume of society and Morgan table, 104 people selected by Simple random sampling and the question have taken place. The analyzes the data and final ranking of indexes, T-test and Kruskal-Wallis have been used.
Results and discussion
The findings show that the existing situation of Tabriz livability due to the average total of ten regions in all dimensions is in the low level, with this finding of the research of
Rashidi (1395) who have evaluated the livability of the Tabriz region in comparison with the Osko, Bostanaba, Shabestar and Harris moderat, is alignment.
This findings with the findings of Roustaee (1392) who ranked the region 2 in terms of spatial justice in the distribution of urban services in the first priority is alignment.
Also this finding of research with finding of Zarrabi (1394) that the citizens' satisfaction level of urban environment has examined the ten regions of Tabriz and they have concluded that urban region 2 and 5 have been in the first priority of the level of satisfaction is alignment as well as the results of the research with the results of Mofarah Bonab (1397) that the evaluated and analyzed the stability situation in the ten regions of Tabriz and they concluded that the 8th region is the most stable and the 3rd region is the most unstable region in Tabriz is not aligned and only in terms of the whole ten regions of Tabriz have been evaluated by the average Stability value is aligned.
Conclusion
Due to the increasing development of the life- level of Tabriz metropolis, requiring the review of the existing situation. This research has provided new insight in to the livability of Tabriz metropolis that will detect the priorities of action in the decision space.
The results show that in general the livability of Tabriz is lower than average which is 5th district of Tabriz city with an average rating of 71/10 has the highest livability in the 10 regions and regions 2, 6, 9, 1, 3, 8, 4, 10 and 7 with an average rating of 69/33, 63/30, 63/10, 62/41, 59/92, 51/55, 35/67, 32/88 and 10/10 ranked second to tenth. Also in terms of indicators of urban services and infrastructure, urban environment, urban economics, urban management, urban history and urban community In order 2, 6, 2, 5, 8 and 5 regions were in the first ranking. According to Kruskal-Wallis results a significant difference between the 10 regions Tabriz of in terms of the desirability of livability indicators.
Also, according to the research findings, it is generally concluded that the average obtained in urban services and infrastructure (2/84) is lower than the average and is statistically significant. Because its Sig value is less than 0/05, the average obtained in the urban environment (2/74) is lower than the average and is statistically significant. Because its Sig value is less than 0/05, the average in the urban economy (2/36) is lower than the average and is statistically significant. Because its Sig value is less than 0/05, the average obtained in urban management (2/36) is lower than the average and is statistically significant. Because its Sig value is less than 0/05, the average obtained in urban history (2/39) is lower than the average and is statistically significant. Because its Sig value is less than 0.05 and the average obtained in the urban community dimension (2/98) is lower than the average and is not statistically significant. Because its Sig value (0/650) is greater than 0/05.
The results of Kruskal-Wallis test in Tabriz regions indicate that the results achieved in the significance level of 99% and with an error value of less than 0/01 are statistically significant. Therefore, the results can be obtained by the 99% accepted. In other words, with 99% confidence, it can be concluded that there is a significant difference between the indicators of biomass in the 10th district of Tabriz.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental quality
  • urban environment
  • livability
  • Objective indicators
  • District Tabriz
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