تأثیر پایداری منابع درآمدی شهرداری ‏ها بر زیست ‏پذیری شهری (مطالعة موردی: شهر سمنان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی شهری، واحد سمنان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سمنان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی شهری، واحد سمنان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

در حال حاضر، رشد جمعیت شهری و شهرنشینی پیش از فرایند برنامه‏ ریزی شهری در ایران شهرها را به ‏شدت از معیارهای زیست ‏پذیری و استانداردهای زندگی دور کرده است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین جایگاه و نقش منابع درآمدی پایدار شهرداری‏ ها در زیست ‏پذیری شهری سمنان به نگارش درآمده است. این پژوهش بر حسب هدف کاربردی و از لحاظ ماهیت و روش تحلیلی- استنباطی است. روش جمع ‏آوری داده ‏ها مبتنی بر روش پیمایشی با استفاده از پرسش‏نامه بوده است. جامعة آماری پژوهش شامل دو گروه مجزای صاحب‏نظران و خبرگان در زمینة موضوع مورد پژوهش (تعداد نمونه: 30 نفر)، مدیران، و اعضای شورای اسلامی شهر سمنان (تعداد نمونه: 30 نفر) بوده است. بررسی روند درآمدی شهرداری سمنان طی سال‏های 1390-1395 نشان می‏ دهد که سه گروه درآمدی شامل عوارض عمومی، سایر منابع، و عوارض اختصاصی بیشترین سهم از منابع درامدی شهرداری سمنان را به خود اختصاص داده اند که عمده ردیف‏ های فرعی در این سه گروه جزو درآمدهای ناپایدارند. همچنین، بر اساس مدل رگرسیون چند متغیره، میزان همبستگی محاسبه ‏شده بین پایداری منابع مالی و درآمد شهرداری و زیست ‏پذیری شهر سمنان 8۷۶/0 بوده است. بنابراین، بین شاخص‏ های زیست ‏پذیری به‏ عنوان متغیر وابسته و پایداری منابع مالی و درآمدی به ‏عنوان متغیر مستقل همبستگی معنادار و مناسبی وجود دارد. با استفاده از رتبه ‏بندی به روش ویکور مشخص شد که بسیاری از ریزکدهای درآمدی با مطلوبیت پایین در صدر این رتبه ‏بندی‏ها قرار گرفته‏اند که حاکی از وابستگی شدید شهرداری سمنان به درآمدهای نامطلوب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Sustainability of Municipal Income Sources on Urban Sustainability Case Study of Semnan City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Babaei 1
  • Zienab Karkeh Abadi 2
  • Saeid Kamyabi 2
1 PhD candidate in urban geography
2 Faculty member
چکیده [English]

With the rise of living standards, cities have become more complex in life. Sustainability is a relatively new concept that sets standards for optimal living in urban spaces. On the other hand, raising public expectations of municipalities, expanding the scope of local governments and exacerbating the problems caused by rising urban populations such as unemployment, urbanization, environmental pollution, housing shortages, traffic problems and socio-economic anomalies, need to expand municipal funding Makes it more. Financing will leave municipalities with no choice but to increase the efficiency of previous methods and look for new sources of income. Increasing efficiency requires the passage of time, interaction with the world economy, the use of more modern methods, and an increase in the proportion of specialist municipal forces. Lack of sufficient revenue for municipalities not only reduces the ability to provide appropriate services for urban management, but also substantially hampers the implementation of all urban plans.
In this study, the city of Semnan, as the center of the province and one of the key cities of the country, has been studied. In this paper, the impact of sustainability of Semnan municipality's sources of income on urban viability has been studied. The authors put forward two basic hypotheses to explain the sustainability impact of municipal revenue sources on urban viability. The first hypothesis is that the sustainability of the municipality's financial resources and revenues appear to have an impact on the livelihoods of Semnan; the second hypothesis is that it currently seems to have the largest share of Semnan municipality financing through unstable financial resources and income. The findings of the study show that both hypotheses have been substantiated.
With the rise of living standards, cities have become more complex in life. Sustainability is a relatively new concept that sets standards for optimal living in urban spaces. On the other hand, raising public expectations of municipalities, expanding the scope of local governments and exacerbating the problems caused by rising urban populations such as unemployment, urbanization, environmental pollution, housing shortages, traffic problems and socio-economic anomalies, need to expand municipal funding Makes it more. Financing will leave municipalities with no choice but to increase the efficiency of previous methods and look for new sources of income. Increasing efficiency requires the passage of time, interaction with the world economy, the use of more modern methods, and an increase in the proportion of specialist municipal forces. Lack of sufficient revenue for municipalities not only reduces the ability to provide appropriate services for urban management, but also substantially hampers the implementation of all urban plans.
In this study, the city of Semnan, as the center of the province and one of the key cities of the country, has been studied. In this paper, the impact of sustainability of Semnan municipality's sources of income on urban viability has been studied. The authors put forward two basic hypotheses to explain the sustainability impact of municipal revenue sources on urban viability. The first hypothesis is that the sustainability of the municipality's financial resources and revenues appear to have an impact on the livelihoods of Semnan; the second hypothesis is that it currently seems to have the largest share of Semnan municipality financing through unstable financial resources and income. The findings of the study show that both hypotheses have been substantiated.
With the rise of living standards, cities have become more complex in life. Sustainability is a relatively new concept that sets standards for optimal living in urban spaces. On the other hand, raising public expectations of municipalities, expanding the scope of local governments and exacerbating the problems caused by rising urban populations such as unemployment, urbanization, environmental pollution, housing shortages, traffic problems and socio-economic anomalies, need to expand municipal funding Makes it more. Financing will leave municipalities with no choice but to increase the efficiency of previous methods and look for new sources of income. Increasing efficiency requires the passage of time, interaction with the world economy, the use of more modern methods, and an increase in the proportion of specialist municipal forces. Lack of sufficient revenue for municipalities not only reduces the ability to provide appropriate services for urban management, but also substantially hampers the implementation of all urban plans.
In this study, the city of Semnan, as the center of the province and one of the key cities of the country, has been studied. In this paper, the impact of sustainability of Semnan municipality's sources of income on urban viability has been studied. The authors put forward two basic hypotheses to explain the sustainability impact of municipal revenue sources on urban viability. The first hypothesis is that the sustainability of the municipality's financial resources and revenues appear to have an impact on the livelihoods of Semnan; the second hypothesis is that it currently seems to have the largest share of Semnan municipality financing through unstable financial resources and income. The findings of the study show that both hypotheses have been substantiated.
With the rise of living standards, cities have become more complex in life. Sustainability is a relatively new concept that sets standards for optimal living in urban spaces. On the other hand, raising public expectations of municipalities, expanding the scope of local governments and exacerbating the problems caused by rising urban populations such as unemployment, urbanization, environmental pollution, housing shortages, traffic problems and socio-economic anomalies, need to expand municipal funding Makes it more. Financing will leave municipalities with no choice but to increase the efficiency of previous methods and look for new sources of income. Increasing efficiency requires the passage of time, interaction with the world economy, the use of more modern methods, and an increase in the proportion of specialist municipal forces. Lack of sufficient revenue for municipalities not only reduces the ability to provide appropriate services for urban management, but also substantially hampers the implementation of all urban plans.
In this study, the city of Semnan, as the center of the province and one of the key cities of the country, has been studied.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • city
  • sustainability
  • Municipality
  • Income Sustainability
  • Semnan
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