نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی،دانشگاه اصفهان،اصفهان ،ایران.
2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی،دانشگاه اصفهان،اصفهان،ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Quality of life as a multidimensional structure that includes psychological, economic, social and physical aspects; Can be considered as an indicator of the progress and development of a community today; There is general agreement among researchers, policymakers and development planners on the need to study quality of life. Which is important with socio-economic development and improvement of living standards, so it can be used as a powerful tool to monitor community development planning.
The statistical population of the study includes all rural households in Jazinak district of Zahak city, which has 5223 households. After pre-testing the questionnaire and calculating the variance of the main variables through the Cochran relation, by substituting this value in the Cochran's formula, the sample size is estimated at 357 people. Completed. To analyze this part, Shannon and Saw entropy multi-characteristic decision weighting models have been used. Also, in order to analyze the data, using SPSS software, Spearman analysis of variance and correlation tests were used to assess the level of quality of life for analysis.
Results and discussion
The results of leveling using SAW and entropy models showed that the indicators of quality of education and quality of employment and income with a weight of 0.189 and 0.113, respectively, have the highest amount. And the indices of quality of environment and quality of leisure with weights of 0.009 and 0.023, respectively, have the lowest level in terms of quality of life indices among the villages of Jazinak district. also; The villages of Jazinak, Nadam Sharghi and Safdar Mirbik with the final score of 0.586, 0.581, 0.576, respectively, with the highest score and the villages of Qaleh-e No, As Ghazi and Lechvi, respectively, with the final score of 0.494, 0.494, 491, respectively. / 0 are in the last rank in terms of quality of life indicators.
The results of the statistical test of the analysis of variance test show that; There is a significant difference between the dimensions (economic, social, physical and environmental) quality of life in the studied villages. Also, the results of Spearman test show that there is a significant relationship between the level of quality of life indicators of villagers and the development of villages in Jazinak district, and the quality of life of villagers plays an effective role in rural development.