عنوان مقاله [English]
Housing is one of the main human needs that is known as the basic biological need for human beings. Housing is one of the most sensitive and basic parts in economic and social development planning and is considered as the primary and basic shelter of every family. Examining housing indicators is one of the various ways to identify the characteristics of housing that can be used with the help of that index Recognize the effective factors in the field of housing and facilitate any planning and decision-making about it. Developing a comprehensive plan in the housing sector requires the identification and analysis of various dimensions and components of housing. Also in the Islamic worldview, the importance of housing to that extent Housing is considered as the basis of economic independence and the eradication of poverty in society. This confirms that governments are legally responsible for ensuring that citizens have adequate access to adequate housing. Good housing does not just mean having a roof over everyone; Rather, it includes other components such as adequate space, security, physical access, durability, basic infrastructure, adaptation to livelihood, health, and reflects the general welfare of society; At the same time, bad and unfavorable housing leads to harmful consequences such as diseases, harassment, destruction and corruption of the youth. The importance of urban housing environments as the main residence of the people is increasing day by day. Second, large populations live in highly urban areas. Ultimately, urban environments are areas where people are exposed to a variety of environmental hazards such as noise, odors, air pollution, external safety hazards, congestion, garbage, or lack thereof. Facilities and services encountered. The adverse effects of these conditions on human health are commonly referred to as irritability. Today, with the expansion and complexity of societies, the issue of security has taken on a wide and complex dimension. Security is one of the main factors of sustainability in today's societies. Recognizing and controlling security in cities requires a careful and comprehensive look to be able to actually address the various dimensions of security as the discovery of hidden connections between those dimensions at different levels, including the factors affecting the security of each city, spaces and places. They are urban, urban spaces are areas where the caches and public activities of urban life take place. Providing security is one of the constant concerns of human beings in all areas of life, followed by trying to create favorable conditions for development. Security is the most important element of sustainability with the continuation of sovereignty and represents a significant improvement in the relationship between society and the land. The health of the community is threatened Gives. Barry Buzan quotes John Locke as saying that the main purpose of human beings in placing themselves in the hands of the state is to preserve their property. Property here means freedom, political security, life, security of life, thought and property and financial security. Financial security is in crisis with the increase of thefts, variety of techniques and methods of robbery, armed robbers. Secondly, life in the modern world has posed many threats and dangers to life). ). Most experts believe that security is an external and objective concept and emotional security is an internal and mental concept; In other words, security; That is, the absence of threatening factors and a sense of security means an inner sense of insecurity. In this regard, it can be noted that the feeling of security may or may not be commensurate with real security. That is, in situations where there is no objective security, the person feels safe or there are factors that create security for the event, but the person does not feel safe. Security in its objective sense, measuring the lack of threat against values and in the mental sense the lack of fear of being attacked by such values. Therefore, if this need does not receive a positive response at various levels for some reason, Tensions and anxiety and will follow his low presence in society. Therefore, social security is one of the indicators of development, based on which the level of development of urban housing and even countries is assessed, so to solve problems feel insecure. Urban housing and achieving sustainable urban development, examining the components of welfare, comfort and security of citizens, which is one of the main goals of urban planning, is important. Urban insecurity in various fields, includes those anomalies that appear as a result of urbanization and socio-social problems caused by them, and at different levels cause structural-functional and functional damage in urban society. Security in housing is the most important issues and criteria for measuring quality in cities and security as one of the main quality indicators has been considered by experts in measuring the security of city residents with no anxiety and fear of road installations, unexpected events, buildings , Which makes it possible for crime to occur in the city are evaluated. Each environment has used different strategies to increase the security of residents, which in turn has caused a change in residential contexts. There are various parameters, including social, cultural, economic, political, religious and religious concepts in the body of the city. It also seeks social securityMentally and objectively, it requires adaptation and interaction with its environment. Therefore, the importance of the concept of security in the life of urban households for reasons such as ease of interaction and encounter, continuity of a desirable life, peace of mind and such things as the most important factors to achieve it is the need for quality indicators of housing. Provided the study area. In view of the above, this study aims to investigate the set of factors that cause housing stability in social security in the study area.