استادیار دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In general, the modern state in the west was the product of relationships and interactions of socio-political actors in pre-capitalist order. The Christianity's approach toward the phenomenon of power turned out to be starting-point for the modern state in the west. In reverse, Iran's pre-capitalist order did not transform to the new order in the period between the dissolution of the Sassanid till the rise of the Safavid and even in the epoch of the dominance of Islamic ideology. In Iran, Islam with its cultural signs deterred the transition to the new order of the modern state in political, economic and social arenas. The Iranian state adapted its territorial relationships to the framework of Islamic Omma.